An Overview of China and India’s Development Cooperation in Africa

  • Philani Mthembu
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)


This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of China and India’s development cooperation in Africa, adding important context to their relations with the continent. Indeed this chapter serves as a vivid reminder that despite being often referred to as new donors, their development cooperation is far from new and is in a way a continuation of old relations under a vastly different international system. Besides providing a historical overview, this chapter also introduces the basic characteristics of China and India’s development cooperation and the manner in which it is currently organised. It is thus not only about historical context, but also highlighting the basic infrastructure of their development cooperation while introducing the key players in both Southern powers when it comes to development cooperation.


  1. About ITEC. Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation Programme, Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India, New Delhi, 2014.
  2. Andornino, Giovanni. “The Nature and Linkages of China’s Tributary System under the Ming and Qing Dynasties.” Working Papers of the Global Economic History Network (GEHN), No. 21/06, March 2006.Google Scholar
  3. Annual Reports. Policy Planning and Research Division, Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), Government of India, New Delhi, 2000–2010.Google Scholar
  4. Brautigam, Deborah. The Dragon’s Gift: The Real Story of China in Africa. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.Google Scholar
  5. Chaturvedi, Sachin, Thomas Fues, and Elizabeth Sidiropoulos, eds. Development Cooperation and Emerging Powers: New Partners or Old Patterns. London: Zed Books, 2012.Google Scholar
  6. Chin, Gregory, and Michael Frolic. Emerging Donors in International Development Assistance: The China Case. Canada: International Development Research Centre (IDRC), 2007.Google Scholar
  7. Conway-Smith, Erin. “African Union’s New Chinese-Built Headquarters Opens in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.” Global Post, January 28, 2012.
  8. Corkin, Lucy, Christopher Burke, and Martyn Davies. “China’s Role in the Development of Africa’s Infrastructure.” Working Papers in African Studies, No. 04–08. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University, 2008.Google Scholar
  9. Declaration on the Promotion of World Peace and Cooperation. Bandung Conference, Indonesia, 1955.Google Scholar
  10. Delhi Declaration India–Africa Forum Summit 2008. Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis, April 9, 2008.
  11. Export–Import Bank of India. 2014.
  12. Fuchs, Andreas, and Krishna Chaitanya Vadlamannati. “The Needy Donor: An Empirical Analysis of India’s Aid Motives.” World Development 44 (2013): 110–128.Google Scholar
  13. Information Office of the State Council. China’s Foreign Aid. The People’s Republic of China, Beijing, April 2011.
  14. Mawdsley, Emma. “Non-DAC Donors and the Changing Landscape of Foreign Aid: The (In)Significance of India’s Development Cooperation with Kenya.” Journal of Eastern African Studies 4, no. 2 (July 2010): 361–379.Google Scholar
  15. Mawdsley, Emma, and Gerard McCann. “The Elephant in the Corner? Reviewing India–Africa Relations in the New Millennium.” Geography Compass 4, no. 2 (2010): 81–93.Google Scholar
  16. Ministry of External Affairs (MEA). Development Partnership Administration. Government of India, New Delhi, 2014.
  17. Mthembu, Philani. “India’s Development Strategy in Africa: Building Africa’s Soft Infrastructure.” India Writes, August 2013.
  18. Mullen, Rani. “The State of Indian Development Cooperation.” Indian Development Cooperation Research Report, The Asia Foundation, 2014.Google Scholar
  19. New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD). Africa–India Forum Summit. Addis Ababa, May 24, 2011.
  20. Pan-African e-Network Project. “Inauguration of Pan-African e-Network Project (Phase 2).” 2014.
  21. People’s Daily. “China’s African Policy.” January 12, 2006.Google Scholar
  22. ———. “China’s African Policy.” January 12. “China Launches Two-Way Investment Strategy.” September 12, 2001.
  23. Price, Gareth. “For the Global Good: India’s Developing International Role.” Chatham House Report, 2011.Google Scholar
  24. Raghavan, P.S., Additional Secretary, DPA, Ministry of External Affairs, at Round Table. “Mapping Experiences around International Development Cooperation: New Challenges and Opportunities.” Observer Research Foundation (ORF), March 5, 2013.Google Scholar
  25. Second Africa–India Forum Summit 2011: Addis Ababa Declaration. May 25, 2011.
  26. Shirk, Susan. Fragile Superpower: How China’s Internal Politics Could Derail Its Peaceful Rise. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.Google Scholar
  27. Singh, Jaswant. Budget Speech 2003–2004. Minister of Finance and Company Affairs, Government of India, New Delhi, February 28, 2003.Google Scholar
  28. Snow, Philip. The Star Raft: China’s Encounter with Africa. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1988.Google Scholar
  29. The Economist. “Hopeless Africa.” May 11, 2000.
  30. Third Ministerial Conference. Declaration of the Beijing Summit of the Forum on China–Africa Cooperation. November 5, 2006.Google Scholar
  31. Zhimin, Chen, and Jian Junbo. “Chinese Provinces as Foreign Policy Actors in Africa.” Occasional Paper, No. 22, South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA), 2009.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philani Mthembu
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Global DialogueAssociated with the University of South Africa (UNISA)PretoriaSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations