Intercultural and Inter-group Relations

Part of the International and Cultural Psychology book series (ICUP)


The issue of intercultural relations and their potentials is of vital importance. These potentials range from mutual enrichment and cooperation to murderous conflict. Given the perspective of culture offered in this book and the psychological and adaptive functions of culture, this is not surprising. Considering the vital psychological functions of culture can culturally diverse peoples co-exist in mutually enriching ways rather than killing each other in bloody conflicts based on alternative constructions of reality. Ethno-cultural conflict is a global and historic problem (Huntington, The clash of civilizations: Remaking of a world order, Touchstone, Huntington, New York, 1996). It’s a big problem. The causes of ethno-cultural conflict are multiple. Considering the vital psychological functions of culture we are challenged to study and consider how culturally diverse peoples can co-exist in mutually enriching ways rather than killing each other in bloody conflicts based on such factors as alternative constructions of reality, competition for material or psychological resources, and efforts to manage anxiety through in-group identification and out-group demonization. This chapter addresses the effects of colonization and the processes of de-colonization. It will describe an indigenous conflict resolution process as well as known conditions of prejudice reduction.


Ethno-cultural conflict Culture threat Existential threat prejudice reduction Colonization De-colonization Respect Empathy 


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of Hawai‘i at ManoaHonoluluUSA

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