The Human Condition

Part of the International and Cultural Psychology book series (ICUP)


Psychology has been relatively late in considering culture, its characteristics, and the functions it embodies in human life. Historically, psychology has imposed a western, ethnocentric perspective (“emic”) on culturally diverse populations. This imposition presumed that a culturally specific western (“emic”) perspective was universal (“etic”) thereby holding that all who differ from these mono-culturally specified norms were “primitive”, deviant, or deficient. Inherent in this imposition was the Type I error of pathologizing normative and adaptive cultural differences as well as supporting existing power relationships in society.


Universals Etics Culture specifics Emics Idiosyncratic Mortality Meaning Anxiety existential Stereotypes Variform universals 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of Hawai‘i at ManoaHonoluluUSA

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