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Conclusions

Chapter
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Part of the International and Cultural Psychology book series (ICUP)

Abstract

As stated in the introduction, we are challenged to study and consider how culturally diverse peoples can co-exist in mutually enriching ways rather than descending into misunderstanding and even bloody conflict based on such factors as misattribution of intentions, alternative constructions of reality, competition for material or psychological resources, and efforts to manage anxiety through in-group identification and out-group demonization. It is a serious challenge as cultural differences may create and fuel deadly conflict or even a “clash of civilizations.” This volume seeks to ground the psychological functions of culture in the human condition itself.

Keywords

“Clash of civilizations” Misattributions Multiculturalism Alternative constructions human needs and culture Positive potentials Negative potentials Existential problem Anxiety-prone Human condition Psychological defense Roadmap Immortality ideology 

References

  1. Becker, E. (1971). The birth and death of meaning (2nd ed.). New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  2. Huntington, S. P. (1996). The clash of civilizations: Remaking of a world order. New York: Touchstone.Google Scholar
  3. Marsella, A. J. (2005). Culture and conflict: Understanding, negotiating, and reconciling conflicting constructions of reality. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 29(6), 651–673.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of Hawai‘i at ManoaHonoluluUSA

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