In recent years, wireless surface electromyography (SEMG) measurement devices that do not restrict the movement of the wearer have attracted interest in the fields of medicine and sport. Through this review, the reader will develop an understanding of current technologies and potential development.
This section is largely divided into two parts that describe the basic characteristics of EMG and SEMG applications. First, the basic components of EMG will be discussed, as they are useful when focusing on SEMG applications. The physiological information that can be produced with EMG, and SEMG measurement and analysis methods, will be described. Second, specific medical conditions such as lower back pain, stroke, epilepsy, and Parkinson’s disease will be discussed, and the measurement of muscle activity and the information that can be extracted from EMG using smart SEMG measurement devices and systems will be examined. We then focus on the applications of SEMG in sports science, as SEMG have been integrated into wearable platforms such as clothing and textiles; however, a number of problems remain in this regard.
KeywordsWearable and attachable surface electromyography sensors and systems Epilepsy Stroke Parkinson’s disease Human machine interface Textile electrodes
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