Case Study: Caring for a Pakistani Male Who Has Sex with Other Men

  • Rubab I. QureshiEmail author


This case study presents a male immigrant of Pakistani origin with urinary symptoms. He is married but reluctantly shares that he has occasional unprotected sex with other men. He grew up in a culture where homosexual relationships are condemned as a sin and disclosure could lead to serious consequences. He does not identify as a gay man. Culturally competent strategies for providing care to such patients and recommendations for individual, organizational and community level interventions are included.


  1. Hussain M, Naz A, Khan W et al (2015) Gender stereotyping in family: an institutionalized and normative mechanism in Pakhtun society of Pakistan. SAGE Open 5(3):2158244015595258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Jaspal R (2012) ‘I never faced up to being gay’: sexual, religious and ethnic identities among British Indian and British Pakistani gay men. Cult Health Sex 14(7):767–780CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Jaspal R, Siraj A (2011) Perceptions of ‘coming out’ among British Muslim gay men. Psychol Sex 2(3):183–197Google Scholar
  4. Maan MA, Hussain F, Iqbal J et al (2011) Sexually transmitted infections in Pakistan. Ann Saudi Med 31(3):263–269. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Nath S (2005) Pakistani families. In: Ethnicity and family therapy. Guilford, New York, pp 407–420Google Scholar
  6. PBS (2016) Population Census. Available at:
  7. Qureshi RI (2010) Experiences of pregnancy, childbirth and post-partum period in urban and suburban immigrant Pakistani women. New Jersey Institute of Technology. Available at:
  8. Rehan N (2002) Profile of men suffering from sexually transmitted infections in Pakistan. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 15(2):15–19Google Scholar
  9. Zaman RM (2014) Parenting in Pakistan: an overview. In: Selin H (ed) Parenting across cultures. science across cultures: the history of non-western science, vol 7. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 91–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of NursingRutgers UniversityNewarkUSA

Personalised recommendations