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Vegetation and Land Cover

  • Ali Farzaneh
  • Morteza Ebrahimi Rastaghi
Chapter
Part of the World Soils Book Series book series (WSBS)

Abstract

Four main factors, namely climatic situation, phytogeographical regions, varied topography , and the impact of human activity are considered responsible for the changes in distribution and character of the natural vegetation. The extensive Iranian plateau displays quite a variation in such a way that 167 families of vascular plants and 1215 genera, some of which include only one species and some (e.g. Astragalus) include about 800 species. The first and very small-scale map depicting major types of vegetation in Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan has been available since 1960s. In 2005, Forest, Range and Watershed Organization (FRWO) published the first land cover map using remote sensing and GIS techniques. This map shows the divisions and subdivisions of the vegetation cover according to location, quantity, and quality of the natural vegetation cover. In this chapter, we summarize the multipurpose functions of the vegetation cover in the country according to their status in different regions.

Keywords

Land cover map Iran's floristic Landsat -5 TM GIS environment 

References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Forest, Range and Watershed Organization (FRWO)TehranIran

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