Soil Biology and Biotechnology

  • Hossein Besharati
  • Nasser Aliasgharzad
  • Kazem Khavazi
  • Hadi Asadi Rahmani
Part of the World Soils Book Series book series (WSBS)


In this chapter, we attempt to present the status of soil biology, the corresponding research activities, and the biological properties of the soils of Iran. After a brief history, biological characteristics associated with soil characteristics, climate, and vegetation are presented. Then, the biological properties of the dominant soils of the country are illustrated, followed by research findings on exploiting soil biological potentials in agriculture, especially production and commercialization of technological knowledge of biofertilizers. Also, the list and characteristics of useful soil microorganisms that exist in the country and the ones which are available at the “Microbial Bank” are presented. Finally, the priority research areas of the country in the field of soil biology and biotechnology are presented.


Biofertilizer Inoculation Mycorrhiza PGPR S-Biooxidation Soil Biotechnology 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hossein Besharati
    • 1
  • Nasser Aliasgharzad
    • 2
  • Kazem Khavazi
    • 1
  • Hadi Asadi Rahmani
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Soil Biology, Soil and Water Research Institute, Agricultural ResearchEducation and Extension OrganizationKarajIran
  2. 2.Department of Soil Science and EngineeringUniversity of TabrizTabrizIran

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