A Comparative Analysis of LTC Systems in Terms of Inclusiveness

  • Agar Brugiavini
  • Ludovico Carrino
  • Cristina Elisa Orso
  • Giacomo Pasini


In Chap.  4, using micro-data from SHARE (the Survey of Health Ageing and Retirement in Europe) and ELSA (the English Longitudinal Study on Ageing), we estimate the potential coverage of each specific LTC programme, disentangling the differences between countries’ coverage rates in terms of population and regulation effects. More precisely, by applying each regulation on the standard population of SHARE and ELSA, we generate a set of comparable “directly adjusted” eligibility rates (i.e., the share of the standard population that would be covered by each programme). Furthermore, we perform a pair-wise comparison of programmes’ inclusiveness through a counterfactual analysis (indirect adjustment), i.e., simulating the adoption of a region’s regulation on another region’s population.


SHARE ELSA data Counterfactual analysis International comparison Standard population Adjusted eligibility rates 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Agar Brugiavini
    • 1
  • Ludovico Carrino
    • 2
  • Cristina Elisa Orso
    • 1
  • Giacomo Pasini
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsCa’ Foscari UniversityVeniceItaly
  2. 2.Department of Global Health & Social MedicineKing’s CollegeLondonUK

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