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Current Status and Improvement of Institutional Base of Solving Soil Degradation and Low Agricultural Productivity Problems in Tajikistan

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Part of the International Yearbook of Soil Law and Policy book series (IYSLP,volume 2017)

Abstract

This article discusses the state of the soil cover, problems of soil and land degradation, and the structure and state of the regulatory and legal framework to protect soil in the Republic of Tajikistan. The situation of the agricultural sector is outlined, and its development trend over the past few decades and the possibilities of its sustainable development for the near future are given. Appropriate recommendations on effective land management and introduction of advanced technologies for soil protection are provided, and the direction of the agricultural sector and the Republic’s economy aimed at sustainable development is considered.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    World Bank (2012), p. 48.

  2. 2.

    http://refdb.ru/look/2550433-p2.html.

  3. 3.

    Agreements between the Government of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan: on checkpoints through the Tajik-Kyrgyz border (31.008.2004, № 357), on the transit movement of goods by road (02.12.2005, № 463), оn reconstruction, operation and maintenance of the Osh-Khorog road (13.11.1996, № 489), on free trade (11.03.2000, № 108); Agreement between the Government of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan: on cooperation in the field of veterinary (9.11.2000,№ 451); the decision to join the Agreement between Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan in field of environment protection and rational use of nature resources (24.11.1998, № 444).

  4. 4.

    Dekhkan farms—business entities based on which the production, storage, processing and sale of agricultural products are carried out under the individual or joint activities of a group of persons, on a plot of land and property belonging to them.

  5. 5.

    Disputes that have arisen between legal entities are considered in economic court, disputes that have arisen between legal entities and individuals are considered in civil court.

  6. 6.

    Topographic, geodetic, and cartographic studies; agrochemical, geobotanical and other soil surveys; land inventory; compilation of special thematic maps.

  7. 7.

    For example, the payment of taxes at irrigated land rates, which, due to the destruction of irrigational systems, turned into pasture, granting of land to users belonging to the forest fund, etc.

  8. 8.

    Agriculture of the Republic of Tajikistan. Statistical Book - Dushanbe (2009), p. 5.

  9. 9.

    PPCR, Phase I, Final Report, 2011.

  10. 10.

    PPCR, Phase I, Final Report, 2011.

  11. 11.

    907,030 US $.

  12. 12.

    leasing company – State Unitary enterprise “Tajikagroleasing,” gives to leasing an agricultural techniques.

  13. 13.

    Asia Plus 2010, No. 6, dated February 10, p. 11.

  14. 14.

    Message from the President of RT, Emomali Rahmon, Majlisi Oli of the Republic of Tajikistan (24.04.2010)-Dushanbe, 2010 p 70.

  15. 15.

    PPCR, Phase I, Final Report, 2011.

  16. 16.

    Begmatov and Umarov (2007), p. 69.

  17. 17.

    Agriculture of the Republic of Tajikistan. Statistical Book - Dushanbe (2009), p. 40.

  18. 18.

    PPCR, Phase I, Final Report, 2011.

  19. 19.

    Agriculture of the Republic of Tajikistan. Statistical Book - Dushanbe (2009), p. 308.

  20. 20.

    UNDP (2012).

  21. 21.

    Or deductions to the social insurance and social providing fund (25%), paid by employers (including dekhkan farms) from the total volume of salaries of theirs employees.

References

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Correspondence to Islomkhudzha Ahmadovich Оlimov .

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Ergashev, M.J., Оlimov, I.A. (2018). Current Status and Improvement of Institutional Base of Solving Soil Degradation and Low Agricultural Productivity Problems in Tajikistan. In: Ginzky, H., Dooley, E., Heuser, I., Kasimbazi, E., Markus, T., Qin, T. (eds) International Yearbook of Soil Law and Policy 2017. International Yearbook of Soil Law and Policy, vol 2017. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68885-5_6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68885-5_6

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