Recording Techniques for PIV

  • Markus Raffel
  • Christian E. Willert
  • Fulvio Scarano
  • Christian J. Kähler
  • Steven T. Wereley
  • Jürgen Kompenhans


Based on the physical concepts of electronic imaging introduced in the previous chapter, this chapter focusses on the image sensor technology in the context of PIV image recording. Loosely based on the historical development of CCD image sensor technology, the chapter describes the advancements such as on-chip intermediate storage, asynchronous triggering and the lens-on-chip technique that were instrumental in making the “double-shutter” PIV camera possible, that has been the workhorse throughout the PIV community for the past two decades. Details such as the synchronization of these cameras with the light source are covered. Driven by the consumer market, CMOS imaging is nowadays increasingly replacing the CCD sensor in PIV-suitable cameras, in particular, through the introduction of low noise imagers such as the scientific CMOS. Beyond this, high-speed CMOS imager allow the extension of PIV technique to capture temporally highly resolved velocity data at rates in excess of 10,000 recordings per second.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Markus Raffel
    • 1
  • Christian E. Willert
    • 2
  • Fulvio Scarano
    • 3
  • Christian J. Kähler
    • 4
  • Steven T. Wereley
    • 5
  • Jürgen Kompenhans
    • 1
  1. 1. Institut für Aerodynamik und StrömungstechnikDeutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR)GöttingenGermany
  2. 2. Institut für AntriebstechnikDeutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR)KölnGermany
  3. 3.Department of Aerospace EngineeringDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Institut für Strömungsmechanik und AerodynamikUniversität der Bundeswehr MünchenNeubibergGermany
  5. 5.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Birck Nanotech CenterPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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