A General Swarm Intelligence Model for Continuous Function Optimization

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10593)


We consider a general form of the swarm intelligence as a function optimization tool. This form is derived from a basis of mathematical swarming differential equation model, where several parameters are included in the model. These parameters are corresponding to a repulsion effect, an attractive effect and a gradient direction. We mainly consider a repulsion effect and unknown gradient estimation in this study. The nature of the proposed model by some typical numerical simulation results is described. Then, the numerous simulation results show that the behaviors of the swarm will change significantly, for example, aggregation and clustering by parameter setting. We are able to see basic behaviors of the swarm intelligence by the introduced model, the model could give us the insight to understand search behavior of swarm intelligence.


Function optimization Differential equation model Swarm intelligence 



Satoru Iwasaki and Heng Xiao are supported by JPSS program for Leading Graduate Schools, and a part of this study is supported by JPSS KAKENHI Grant number 15K00338.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Information and Physical SciencesOsaka UniversitySuitaJapan
  2. 2.Research Institute for Economics and Business AdministrationKobe UniversityKobeJapan

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