Maximum Likelihood Estimation Based on Random Subspace EDA: Application to Extrasolar Planet Detection
This paper addresses maximum likelihood (ML) estimation based model fitting in the context of extrasolar planet detection. This problem is featured by the following properties: (1) the candidate models under consideration are highly nonlinear; (2) the likelihood surface has a huge number of peaks; (3) the parameter space ranges in size from a few to dozens of dimensions. These properties make the ML search a very challenging problem, as it lacks any analytical or gradient based searching solution to explore the parameter space. A population based searching method, called estimation of distribution algorithm (EDA), is adopted to explore the model parameter space starting from a batch of random locations. EDA is featured by its ability to reveal and utilize problem structures. This property is desirable for characterizing the detections. However, it is well recognized that EDAs can not scale well to large scale problems, as it consists of iterative random sampling and model fitting procedures, which results in the well-known dilemma curse of dimensionality. A novel mechanism to perform EDAs in interactive random subspaces spanned by correlated variables is proposed and the hope is to alleviate the curse of dimensionality for EDAs by performing the operations of sampling and model fitting in lower dimensional subspaces. The effectiveness of the proposed algorithm is verified via both benchmark numerical studies and real data analysis.
KeywordsEstimation of distribution Extrasolar planet detection Maximum likelihood estimation Nonlinear model Optimization Random subspace
This work was partly supported by the National Natural Science Foundation (NSF) of China under grant No. 61571238, China Postdoctoral Science Foundation under grant Nos. 2015M580455 and 2016T90483, the Six Talents Peak Foundation of Jiangsu Province under grant No. XYDXXJS-CXTD-006 and the Scientific and Technological Support Project (Society) of Jiangsu Province under grant No. BE2016776.
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