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Termite Damage in Agriculture Areas and Implanted Forests: An Ecological Approach

  • Luciane Kern JunqueiraEmail author
  • Daniela Faria Florencio
Chapter
Part of the Sustainability in Plant and Crop Protection book series (SUPP)

Abstract

Termites are significant soil fauna components in tropical forests and play an essential role in organic matter decomposition, nutrient cycling, soil airing, and draining. They also contribute to the establishment of new soil in eroded areas. However, they can cause significant economic losses in commercial plantations and implanted forests. Therefore, the correct identification of the termite species and evaluation of the richness, abundance, and functional groups of the community is critical for control, of any species that acquired and/or could reach a pest status. This identification will contribute for the preservation and endurance of beneficial species, as some species appear more sensitive to soil usage and agricultural activities than others. In this chapter, the impact of termites in agricultural areas and implanted forests will be addressed. The importance of the taxonomic and ecological studies will be highlighted as a premise to the use of control agents and technical management.

Keywords

Isoptera Commercial plantations Agroecosystem 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luciane Kern Junqueira
    • 1
    Email author
  • Daniela Faria Florencio
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Biological SciencePontifícia Universidade Católica de CampinasCampinasBrazil
  2. 2.Center of Social and Applied Human SciencesUniversidade Federal Rural do Semi-ÁridoMossoróBrazil
  3. 3.Post-Graduation in Ecology and ConservationUniversidade Federal Rural do Semi-ÁridoMossoróBrazil

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