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Lightweight Wood Composites: Challenges, Production and Performance

Part of the Springer Series on Polymer and Composite Materials book series (SSPCM)

Abstract

Wood composites are materials made by bonding together wood and adhesives into a large material that can be used for different purposes. Nowadays, lightweight materials play an important role in several industries: aerospace, building and furniture. The reduction of weight is desirable for economic reasons (materials and transportation costs) and environmental reasons (resources, eco-efficiency). Once wood composites are employed in these industries, low density is a desired property. There are several options in the market to reduce the weight of composites, such as the use of low-density wood species, lower compaction of the wooden mat, incorporation of light fillers in the core layer of the panel, or use of sandwich panels with honeycomb core. All these strategies have challenges with respect to manufacturing, machinability (connections and lamination of the edges) and performance (physico-mechanical properties).

Keywords

  • Lightweight
  • Wood-based panels
  • Sandwich panels

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Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by: Project POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006939 (Laboratory for Process Engineering, Environment, Biotechnology and Energy—UID/EQU/00511/2013) funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), through COMPETE2020—Programa Operacional Competitividade e Internacionalização (POCI) and by national funds, through FCT—Fundaçã̃o para a Ciência e a Tecnologia. Project NORTE‐01‐0145‐FEDER‐000005–LEPABE-2-ECO-INNOVATION, supported by North Portugal Regional Operational Programme (NORTE 2020), under the Portugal 2020 Partnership Agreement, through the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).

Authors would like to thank Marcelo Oliveira, Department of Wood Engineering Polytechnic Institute of Viseu for helping with figures design.

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Correspondence to Luísa Carvalho .

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Monteiro, S., Martins, J., Magalhães, F.D., Carvalho, L. (2018). Lightweight Wood Composites: Challenges, Production and Performance. In: Kalia, S. (eds) Lignocellulosic Composite Materials. Springer Series on Polymer and Composite Materials. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68696-7_7

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