This chapter revisits the concept of sustainable development and how it came about. It looks at what happened at a turning point in history, in 1974, when the notions of eco-development and co-evolution were proposed. It argues that sustainable development and commercial agriculture both stem from the same roots: sustained growth, which has led us to an impasse. Agroecology is the coming back of eco-development to cover up the mistakes of the last 40 years. This chapter proposes a shift of mindset with the notion of “being within” looking at agroecology as a way to reconnect and rebuild relationships and movement within the farming system and beyond: its reweaving capacity. Rather than linear technical fixes, it suggests to look at the critical nodes of tension in the system: the inflection points, or acupoints, to act upon these and trigger a transition towards greater harmony and well-being.
KeywordsSustainable development Eco-development Co-evolution Being within
- Antona, M., F. Bousquet, C. LePage, J. Weber, A. Karsenty, and P. Guizol. 1998. Economic Theory of Renewable Resource Management: A Multi-Agent System Approach, Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science Book Series. Vol. LNCS Volume 1534. Berlin/New York: Springer.Google Scholar
- Astier, Marta, Jorge Quetzal Argueta, Quetzalcóatl Orozco-Ramírez, María V. González, Jaime Morales, Peter R.W. Gerritsen, Miguel A. Escalona, Francisco J. Rosado-May, Julio Sánchez-Escudero, Tomas Martínez Saldaña, Cristobal Sánchez-Sánchez, B. René Arzuffi, Mirna Ambrosion, and Carlos González-Esquivel. 2017. Back to the Roots : Understanding Current Agroecological Movement, Science, and Practice in Mexico. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems 41: 329–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Conway, Gordon, and Jules N. Pretty. 1992. Unwelcome Harvest: Agriculture and Pollution. London: Earthscan.Google Scholar
- de Wit, Maya Montenegro, and Alastair Iles. 2016. Toward Thick Legitimacy: Creating a Web of Legitimacy for Agroecology. Elementa Science of the Anthropocene 4 (115). 10.12952/journal.elementa.000115.
- Desmarais, Annette Aurélie. 2007. La Vía Campesina: Globalization and the Power of Peasants. Halifax: Fernwood Pub.Google Scholar
- ETC, Group. 2011. Who Will Control the Green Economy? New York: ETC, Group.Google Scholar
- FAO. 2009. World Summit on Food Security. Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
- ———. 2014. Food Wastage Footprint: Full Cost Accounting. Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
- ———. 2015. Agroecology to Reverse Soil Degradation and Achieve Food Security. Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
- Fukuoka, Masanobu. 1975. The One-Straw Revolution. Tokyo: New York Review of Books.Google Scholar
- GRAIN. 2009. The International Food System and the Climate Crisis. Seedling, October.Google Scholar
- La Via Campesina. 2010. Sustainable Peasant and Family Farm Agriculture Can Feed the World. Jakarta: Via Campesina.Google Scholar
- Mamine, Katsumi. 2014. El Movimiento Vital. Barcelona: Icaria.Google Scholar
- ———. 2016. In La Vida Las 5 Oseis, ed. Seitai. Barcelona.Google Scholar
- Molle, François. 2008. Nirvana Concepts, Narratives and Policy Models: Insights from the Water Sector. Water Alternatives 1 (1): 131–156.Google Scholar
- Pavageau, Charlotte, Charlotte Pavageau, Michel Trommetter, and Jacques Weber. 2009. Accounting for Changes in Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services from a Business Perspective. CNRS 44.Google Scholar
- Pimbert, Michel. 2009. Towards Food Sovereignty. London: International Institute for Environment and Development.Google Scholar
- Royal Society. 2009. Reaping the Benefits. London: The Royal Society.Google Scholar
- Tittonell, Pablo. 2014. Ecological Intensification of Agriculture — Sustainable by Nature. Science Direct 8: 53–61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2014.08.006. Elsevier.
- Van der Ploeg, J.D. 2009. The New Peasantries: Struggles for Autonomy and Sustainability in an Era of Empire and Globalisation. London: Earthscan.Google Scholar
- Wezel, A., S. Bellon, Thierry Dore, C. Francis, and D. Vallod. 2009. Agroecology as a Science, a Movement and a Practice. A Review for Sustainable Development. Springer Verlag/EDP Sciences/INRA 29 (4): 503–516.Google Scholar