Understanding the Analytic Hierarchy Process

Part of the SpringerBriefs in Operations Research book series (BRIEFSOPERAT)


In this chapter, we will explain the fundamentals of the Analytic Hierarchy Process. The reader is referred to the original Saaty’s (2012) discussion of AHP or to Brunnelli’s (2015) for a theoretical introduction to the method. In this book, AHP concepts will be explained from a practical point of view, using examples for greater clarity.

Supplementary material

Video 2.1

Developing a Model (MP4 3854 kb)

Video 2.2

Deriving Priorities (weights) for the Criteria (MP4 33742 kb)

Video 2.3

Deriving Local Priorities (preferences) for the Alternatives (MP4 29337 kb)

Video 2.4

Deriving Overall Priorities (MP4 6045 kb)


  1. Brunnelli, M. (2015). Introduction to the analytic hierarchy process. Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  2. Decision Lens. (2015). Decision Lens. Retrieved from:
  3. Expert Choice. (2015). Expert Choice. Retrieved from:
  4. Ishizaka, A., & Nemery, P. (2013). Multi-criteria decision analysis: Methods and software. West Sussex, UK: Wiley.Google Scholar
  5. Saaty, T. L. (2012). Decision making for leaders: The analytic hierarchy process for decisions in a complex world (3rd revised ed.). Pittsburgh: RWS Publications.Google Scholar
  6. Super Decisions. (2015). Super Decisions. Retrieved from:

Suggested Reading6

  1. Deriving Priorities (weights) for the Criteria
  2. Deriving Local Priorities (preferences) for the Alternatives
  3. Deriving Overall Priorities

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Carlow UniversityPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.University of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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