Caatinga pp 181-210 | Cite as

The Avifauna of the Caatinga: Biogeography, Ecology, and Conservation

  • Helder Farias Pereira de Araujo
  • José Maria Cardoso da Silva

Abstract

The Caatinga harbors 548 species 24of birds, of which 67 species or subspecies originated within the region. The regional avifauna has been assembled over time as a consequence of speciation in situ and biotic exchanges with the adjacent regions. The role played by regional mass extinction remains unknown. Local assemblages range from 90 to 259 species. The richest local assemblages are found in heterogeneous and well-protected landscapes. Both regional and local assemblages exhibit strong seasonality associated with rainfall as bird species are always tracking humid and thus more productive spots. As a consequence, they move within landscapes, between landscapes, and between regions. Although several species are able to cope with the disturbance of their habitats by humans, we predict that no more than 162 species will be able to survive in a degraded Caatinga under a more unpredictable climate regime.

Keywords

Birds Evolution Biogeography Ecology Conservation Migration 

Notes

Acknowledgements

José Silva received support from the University of Miami and the Swift Action Fund.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helder Farias Pereira de Araujo
    • 1
  • José Maria Cardoso da Silva
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Ciências BiológicasUniversidade Federal da Paraíba-UFPBAreiaBrazil
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of MiamiCoral GablesUSA

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