The Society and Its Paradoxes

  • Emiliana Mangone
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Psychology book series (BRIEFSPSYCHOL)


Society results from human interactions that also produce cultural processes and relations. Therefore, to observe society it is necessary to study the system of interactions adopted and implemented by individuals. In this chapter, we will try to explain some core aspects of contemporary society, including its paradoxes, through the analysis of the interaction forms defined by Sorokin. Society cannot exist “beyond” individuals and “independently” from them, but only as a system of interacting units within the “world of everyday life”. The latter is the “place”, metaphorically speaking, in which to carry out the analysis of interactions and above all of social reality. Within it, the intentionality towards objects directs the individuals’ actions. These objects, in turn, through differentiation, appear to consciousness as constituents of different “spheres of reality”. In this societal development rationale, however, there are paradoxical aspects that scholars often overlook. To clarify them, we will describe here two paradoxes, those that most influence the elements of contemporary society: the first relates to the local appropriation of information versus global diffusion and the second concerns the principle of equity.


Individual Interaction Meanings Paradox Society 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emiliana Mangone
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Human, Philosophic and Education Sciences (DISUFF)University of SalernoSalernoItaly

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