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Lightweight Unmanned Aerial Vehicle and Structure-from-Motion Photogrammetry for Generating Digital Surface Model for Open-Pit Coal Mine Area and Its Accuracy Assessment

Abstract

Recent technological innovations have led to the available of lightweight Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) and Structure-from-Motion (SfM) photogrammetry that are successfully applied for 3D topographic surveys. However, application of UAV and SfM for complex topographic areas i.e. open-pit mine areas is still poorly understood. This paper aims to investigate and verify potential application of these techniques for generating Digital Surface Model (DSM) at open-pit coal mine area and assessing its accuracy. For this purpose, the Nui Beo open-pit coal mine located in northeast Vietnam is selected as a case study. Accordingly, a total of 206 photos were captured using DJI Phantom 3 Professional. In addition, 19 ground control points (GCPs) were established using Leica TS09 total station. The accuracy of DSM was assessed using root-mean-square error (RMSE) in X, Y, Z, XY, and XYZ components. The result showed that the DSM model has high accuracy, RMSE on the 12 calibrated GCPs for X, Y, Z, XY, XYZ is 1.1 cm, 1.9 cm, 0.8 cm, 2.2 cm, and 2.3 cm, respectively, whereas RMSE on the 7 checked GCPs is 1.8 cm, 2.4 cm, 3.2 cm, 3.0 cm, and 4.4 cm for X, Y, Z, XY, XYZ components, respectively. We concluded that small UAV and SfM are feasible and valid tools for 3D topographic mapping in complex terrains such as open-pit coal mine areas.

Keywords

  • UAV
  • Structure-from-Motion
  • Photogrammetry
  • Open-pit mine
  • Nui Beo
  • Quang Ninh
  • Vietnam

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(the photo was taken by Viet-Nghia Nguyen on January 6, ‎2017).

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Acknowledgement

This research was supported by Department of Mine Surveying, Faculty of Geomatics and Land Administration, Hanoi University of Mining and Geology (Vietnam) and the Nui Beo coal joint stock company - VINACOMIN group.

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Correspondence to Dieu Tien Bui .

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Tien Bui, D. et al. (2018). Lightweight Unmanned Aerial Vehicle and Structure-from-Motion Photogrammetry for Generating Digital Surface Model for Open-Pit Coal Mine Area and Its Accuracy Assessment. In: Tien Bui, D., Ngoc Do, A., Bui, HB., Hoang, ND. (eds) Advances and Applications in Geospatial Technology and Earth Resources. GTER 2017. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68240-2_2

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