Why We Need Local, State, and National Policy-Based Approaches to Improve Children’s Nutrition in the United States
Government agencies have the authority to improve public health through laws and policies. Childhood obesity is one of the most pressing health issues today, and government policies are a critical strategy to improve children’s nutrition and health. This chapter reviews evidence-based policies that can be implemented at local, state, and federal levels to improve children’s nutrition and weight. We discuss (a) why policy change may be more cost-effective and impactful than programs aimed at individuals; (b) how to strengthen federal child-feeding programs; and (c) which policies have potential to improve and change food industry practices.
KeywordsFood policy Child nutrition WIC Federal feeding programs School lunch Food industry Marketing
American Academy of Pediatrics
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
The Child and Adult Care Food Program
The Children’s Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative
The Childhood Obesity Intervention Cost-Effectiveness Study
Dietary Guidelines for Americans
Farm to School
The Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations
Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program
The Farmer’s Market Nutrition Program
Foods of Minimal Nutritional Value
USDA Food and Nutrition Services
Federal Poverty Limit
The Federal Trade Commission
The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010
Healthier U.S. School Challenge
Local School Wellness Policies
The National School Lunch Program
The National School Breakfast Program
Quality Rating and Improvement Systems
Summer Food Service Program
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
The 3rd School Nutrition Dietary Assessment study
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
The Emergency Food Assistance Program
U.S. Department of Agriculture
The Special Suplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children
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