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Why We Need Local, State, and National Policy-Based Approaches to Improve Children’s Nutrition in the United States

  • Megan Lott
  • Marlene Schwartz
  • Mary Story
  • Kelly D. Brownell
Chapter
Part of the Contemporary Endocrinology book series (COE)

Abstract

Government agencies have the authority to improve public health through laws and policies. Childhood obesity is one of the most pressing health issues today, and government policies are a critical strategy to improve children’s nutrition and health. This chapter reviews evidence-based policies that can be implemented at local, state, and federal levels to improve children’s nutrition and weight. We discuss (a) why policy change may be more cost-effective and impactful than programs aimed at individuals; (b) how to strengthen federal child-feeding programs; and (c) which policies have potential to improve and change food industry practices.

Keywords

Food policy Child nutrition WIC Federal feeding programs School lunch Food industry Marketing 

Abbreviations

AAP

American Academy of Pediatrics

ACA

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

CACFP

The Child and Adult Care Food Program

CFBAI

The Children’s Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative

CHOICES

The Childhood Obesity Intervention Cost-Effectiveness Study

CVV

Cash-Value Vouchers

DGA

Dietary Guidelines for Americans

F2S

Farm to School

FDPIR

The Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations

FFVP

Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program

FMNP

The Farmer’s Market Nutrition Program

FMNV

Foods of Minimal Nutritional Value

FNS

USDA Food and Nutrition Services

FPL

Federal Poverty Limit

FTC

The Federal Trade Commission

FY

Fiscal Year

HHFKA

The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010

HUSSC

Healthier U.S. School Challenge

LSWP

Local School Wellness Policies

NSLP

The National School Lunch Program

NSBP

The National School Breakfast Program

QRIS

Quality Rating and Improvement Systems

SFSP

Summer Food Service Program

SNAP

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

SNDA-III

The 3rd School Nutrition Dietary Assessment study

TANF

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families

TEFAP

The Emergency Food Assistance Program

USDA

U.S. Department of Agriculture

WIC

The Special Suplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Megan Lott
    • 1
  • Marlene Schwartz
    • 2
  • Mary Story
    • 3
  • Kelly D. Brownell
    • 4
  1. 1.Duke Global Health Institute, Duke UniversityDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, University of ConnecticutHartfordUSA
  3. 3.Department of Community and Family Medicine and Global HealthDuke Global Health Institute, Duke UniversityDurhamUSA
  4. 4.Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke UniversityDurhamUSA

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