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Women and Children in the 2015 Earthquake in Nepal

Conference paper
Part of the Springer Natural Hazards book series (SPRINGERNAT)

Abstract

Disasters do not affect individuals and communities indiscriminately; indeed, some groups of people are more vulnerable before, during, and after the disaster. Globally, research has found that children, youth, and women are often more vulnerable to disasters due to fewer economic resources, lack of political voice, risk of sexual assault and exploitation, household labor responsibilities, and gender and age discrimination. In this paper we examine the experiences of women and children in Nepal, which was struck by a devastating earthquake and aftershock in the spring of 2015. We discuss how the disaster impacted their lives, including their shelter and housing, education, labor, personal safety, and health. In Nepal, as is the case elsewhere, some groups of women and children are even more vulnerable than others. Women and children with disabilities, those belonging to an ethnic or racial minority group, female-headed households, elderly women, and children separated from families, or without families, face particular risks. We consider how children and women were faring in Nepal a year after the earthquake and propose some recommendations to reduce losses in the future.

Keywords

Children Women Vulnerability Disaster Recovery Nepal Earthquake 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Alice Fothergill would like to thank the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation for bringing her to Nepal in February 2016 to participate in the earthquake symposium in Kathmandu. This meeting provided her the opportunity to learn first-hand about the disaster and to meet many individuals who have been documenting and researching the disaster from a wide range of fields and are working to reduce the suffering in Nepal in future disasters.

Emma Squier would like to thank the School for International Training (SIT) faculty and staff in Nepal for their support and guidance on her study abroad program. She is also grateful to her host families in Nepal for their generosity and opening their homes to her, and to her Nepalese translators who provided critical assistance with her research project. Emma also thanks her parents for their love and support.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of VermontBurlingtonUSA

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