Meaningfulness of OR Models and Solution Strategies for Emergency Planning

  • Tanka Nath Dhamala
  • Iswar Mani Adhikari
  • Hari Nandan Nath
  • Urmila Pyakurel
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Natural Hazards book series (SPRINGERNAT)


In the context of growing number of natural or man-made disasters, operations research methodologies are imperative for optimal and equitable use of resources available for saving life and relief supports. On the PPRR risk management model, preparedness or planning is most important in unavoidable disasters, as most of the damages are due to lack of proper policy and effective planning strategies for optimal use of available resources. To cope with problem of saving affected and normalizing the situation after disaster is also challenging. On the basis of the recent researches, the importance of mathematical modeling in emergency planning is highlighted. In this work, basic models for facility locations, evacuation planning, and relief distribution (humanitarian logistics) are discussed with examples. Recent trends in extending models to make them closer and closer to real-life situations are recorded with their solution strategies, applications, and case studies in brief.


Network flows Transportation network Emergency planning Algorithms Complexity 2010 mathematics subject classification: primary: 90B10, 90C27, 68Q25; Secondary: 90B06, 90B20 



The first and the fourth authors would like to thank Alexander von Humboldt Foundation for the research support. The second and the third authors would like to acknowledge the support of German Academic Exchange Service (Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst, DAAD) for their research stay in the Philippines.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tanka Nath Dhamala
    • 1
  • Iswar Mani Adhikari
    • 2
  • Hari Nandan Nath
    • 3
  • Urmila Pyakurel
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Department of MathematicsTribhuvan UniversityKathmanduNepal
  2. 2.Prithvi Narayan CampusTribhuvan UniversityPokharaNepal
  3. 3.Bhaktapur Multiple CampusTribhuvan UniversityBhaktapurNepal

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