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Earthquakes as Events of Inter- and Intra-disciplinary Character—With Special Reference to the Gorkha 2015 Earthquake in Nepal

  • Jörn H. Kruhl
  • Rameshwar Adhikari
  • Uwe E. Dorka
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Natural Hazards book series (SPRINGERNAT)

Abstract

Earthquakes are catastrophes that affect all parts of a society and a country. Consequently, they have to be examined integratively and measures of restoration and precaution have to include not only safer rebuilding and damage minimization but many more fields, such as economy, infrastructure or social structure of the society. Using the example of the Gorkha 2015 earthquake in Nepal, geoscientific, technical, medical, economic, social, political and legislative aspects of such a catastrophe are presented and discussed in detail as well as with respect to the special situation in a developing country. Particularly, the connections and interactions between all these fields are emphasized. In addition, suggestions are presented, in which way preparedness of the society on all levels of technical and medical precaution, administration, politics and not least with respect to culture and social structure can be reached and resilience towards future earthquakes and other catastrophes can be increased.

Keywords

Earthquake Natural catastrophe Disaster preparedness Disaster management Nepal 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation for financial support, which enabled to hold an international conference (Humboldt Kolleg) in Kathmandu, February 2016, about the Gorkha 2015 earthquake. Our paper represents an outcome of this conference. JHK gratefully acknowledges funding by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) for a teaching and research stay in Nepal from December 2015 to May 2016, which facilitated preparation of the conference.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jörn H. Kruhl
    • 1
  • Rameshwar Adhikari
    • 2
  • Uwe E. Dorka
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Civil, Geo and Environmental EngineeringTechnische Universität MünchenMunichGermany
  2. 2.Research Centre for Applied Science and Technology (RECAST)Tribhuvan UniversityKathmanduNepal
  3. 3.Department for Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversität KasselKasselGermany

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