Advertisement

Public Research and Technology Transfer in US Agriculture: The Role of USDA

  • Steven R. Shafer
  • Michael S. Strauss
Chapter
Part of the Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management book series (ITKM)

Abstract

Agriculture has been of fundamental and growing importance from the earliest days of human society. Over millennia, farmers have domesticated and improved a wide array of crops and livestock and passed their knowledge and experience down over generations. As the challenge to feed an ever-growing world population has increased, however, so has the need for ever greater levels of production. The latest science and technological advances undergird the success of modern agriculture. Virtually every item in a typical meal is available, at least in part, because of scientific and technological advances that have led to increased production, protection from pests or disease, or enhancements to their nutritional value. This vast array of research activities can be clearly seen in the story behind the daily Western breakfast table.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The vast array of advances we profile result from the efforts of hundreds (thousands?) of researchers and for their many efforts we are grateful. We also thank an array of individuals who provided guidance, edits, and information to this chapter, including ARS National Program Leaders Peter Bretting, José Costa, Rosalind James, James Lindsay, Sally Schneider, and Gail Wisler, and ARS Center Director Marisa Wall. This chapter is based on a presentation at the 2016 USDA Agricultural Outlook Forum, February 25–26, 2016.

References

  1. Berger, L. 2014. Canine Detection of Citrus Canker may Show HLB Application Promise. Citrograph, Citrus Research Board, Fall 2014: 22–27.Google Scholar
  2. Bhunia, A.K., M.S. Kim, and C.R. Taitt, eds. 2015. High Throughput Screening for Food Safety Assessment. Biosensor Technologies, Hyperspectral Imaging and Practical Applications. 1st ed, 523pp. Amsterdam: Woodhead Publishing.Google Scholar
  3. Bouffard, K. 2016. Turmoil Expected from Projected 26 Percent Orange Crop Drop. The Ledger, Lakeland, Florida. August 10, 2016. http://www.theledger.com/article/20160810/NEWS/160819987.
  4. Bowman, K.D., L. Faulkner, and M. Kesinger. 2016. New Citrus Rootstocks Released by USDA 2001–2010: Field Performance and Nursery Characteristics. Hortscience 51 (10): 1208–1214.  10.21273/HORTSC10970-16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ceja-Navarro, J.A., F.E. Vega, U. Karaoz, Z. Hao, S. Jenkins, H.C. Lim, P. Kosina, F. Infante, T.R. Northen, and E.L. Brodie. 2015. Gut Microbiota Mediate Caffeine Detoxification in the Primary Insect Pest of Coffee. Nature Communications 6: 7618. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms8618.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chao, K. 2010. Automated Poultry Carcass Inspection by a Hyperspectral-Multispectral Line-Scan Imaging System. In Hyperspectral Imaging for Food Quality Analysis and Control, ed. D.-W. Sun, 241–272. London: Academic Press/Elsevier.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chao, K., C.C. Yang, Y.R. Chen, M.S. Kim, and D.E. Chan. 2007. Hyperspectral-Multispectral Line-Scan Imaging System for Automated Poultry Carcass Inspection Applications for Food Safety. Poultry Science 86: 2450–2460. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2006-00467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Diaz-Sanchez, S., D. D’Souza, D. Biswas, and I. Hanning. 2015. Botanical Alternatives to Antibiotics for Use in Organic Poultry Production. Poultry Science 94 (6): 1419–1430. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps/pev014.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Doud, M.S., M.T. Hoffman, M.-Q. Zhang, E. Stover, D. Hall, S. Zhang, and Y.P. Duan. 2012. Thermal Treatments Eliminate or Suppress the Bacterial Pathogen in Huanglongbing-Affected Citrus. Phytopathology 102 (7): 3340.Google Scholar
  10. Doyle, M.P., and M.C. Erickson. 2006. Reducing the Carriage of Foodborne Pathogens in Livestock and Poultry. Poultry Science 85: 960–973. Downloaded from http://ps.oxfordjournals.org/ at DigiTop USDA's Digital Desktop Library on December 2, 2016.
  11. Gottwald, T.R. 2010. Current Epidemiological Understanding of Citrus Huanglongbing. Annual Review of Phytopathology 48 (1): 119–139. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-phyto-073009-114418.
  12. Goulson, D., E. Nicholls, C. Botias, and E.L. Rotheray. 2015. Bee Declines Driven by Combined Stress from Parasites, Pesticides, and Lack of Flowers. Science 347 (6229): 1255957. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1255957.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Graham, T., R. Scorza, W. Wheeler, B. Smith, C. Dardick, A. Dixit, D. Raines, A. Callahan, C. Srinivasan, L. Spencer, J. Richards, and G. Stutte. 2015. Over-Expression of FT1 in Plum (Prunus domestica) Results in Phenotypes Compatible with Spaceflight: A Potential New Candidate Crop for Bio-regenerative Life-Support Systems. Gravitational and Space Research 3 (1): 39–50.Google Scholar
  14. Hartung, L.W., and J.S. Levy L. 2006. Quantitative Real-Time PCR for Detection and Identification of Candidatus Liberibacter Species Associated with Citrus Huanglongbing. Journal of Microbiological Methods 66 (1): 104–115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mimet.2005.10.018pmid:16414133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Heitschmidt, G.W., B. Park, K.C. Lawrence, W.R. Windham, and D.P. Smith. 2007. Improved Hyperspectral Imaging System for Fecal Detection on Poultry Carcasses. Transactions of the ASABE 50 (4): 1427–1432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Holsinger, V.H. 1997. Physical and Chemical Properties of Lactose. In Advanced Dairy Chemistry, Volume 3. Lactose Water, Salts, and Vitamins, ed. P.F. Fox, 2nd ed., 1–38. London: Chapman & Hall.Google Scholar
  17. Honeycutt, C.W., Larkin, R.P., Halloran, J.M., Griffin, T.S. 2007. The Potato Systems Planner: A successful Decision Support Tool for Growers. Symposium Proceedings. 2007: pp. 87–88.Google Scholar
  18. Hu, J., S. Angeli, S. Schuetz, Y. Luo, and A.E. Hajek. 2009. Ecology and Management of Exotic and Endemic Asian Longhorned Beetle Anoplophora Glabripennis. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 11: 359–375. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-9563.2009.00443.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kaplan, J.K. 2012. Colony Collapse Disorder. An Incomplete Puzzle. Agricultural Research 60 (6): 4–8.Google Scholar
  20. Kawabata, A.M., S.T. Nakamoto, and R.T. Curtiss (Eds.). 2015. Proceedings: 2015 Coffee Berry Borer Summit. College of Tropical Agric. and Human Resources, University of Hawaii. http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/CBB_Summit_2015_Proceedings.pdf.
  21. Kelly, H.W. 1993. Always Something New. A Cavalcade of Scientific Discovery. USDA Agricultural Research Service Misc. Pub. 1507. 150pp. Washington, DC: USDAGoogle Scholar
  22. Kim, M.S., Y.R. Chen, S. Kang, I. Kim, A.M. Lefcourt, and M. Kim. 2006. Fluorescence Characteristics of Wholesome and Unwholesome Chicken Carcasses. Applied Spectroscopy 60 (10): 1210–1216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Koluman, A., and A. Dikici. 2013. Antimicrobial Resistance of Emerging Foodborne Pathogens: Status Quo and Global Trends. Critical Reviews in Microbiology 39 (1): 57–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Liu, Y., E. Heying, and S.A. Tanumihardjo. 2012. History, Global Distribution, and Nutritional Importance of Citrus Fruits. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety 11: 530–545. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-4337.2012.00201.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. McGinnis, L., S. Durham, A. Perry, J. Suszkiw, and D. Comis. 2008. Genomics, Phenomics Research Paves the Way for Improve Animal Health and Productivity. Agricultural Research 57 (7): 12–16.Google Scholar
  26. Mittelman, M. 2016. Meet the Canines Sniffing Out Trouble in Florida’s Orange Groves. Bloomberg, March 3, 2016. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-03-03/meet-the-canines-sniffing-out-trouble-in-florida-s-orange-groves.
  27. Niemira, B.A. 2012. Cold Plasma Decontamination of Foods. Annual Review of Food Science and Technology 3: 125–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Nimakayala, P., V. Abburi, T. Saminathan, S. Alaparthi, A. Almeida, B. Davenport, J. Davidson, G. Vajja, C. Reddy, Y. Tomason, M. Nadimi, G. Hankins, D. Choi, J. Stommel, and U. Reddy. 2016. Genome-Wide Divergence and Linkage Disequilibrium Analyses for Capsicum baccatum Revealed by Genome-Anchored Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms. Frontiers in Plant Science 7: 1646. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.01646.Google Scholar
  29. O’Brien, D. 2016a. Canola: Good Protein Source for Dairy Cattle. AgResearch February 2016. https://agresearchmag.ars.usda.gov/2016/feb/canola/.
  30. ———. 2016b. Finger Millet Shows Promise as Cattle Feed. AgResearch June, 2016. https://agresearchmag.ars.usda.gov/2016/jun/fingermillet/.
  31. Olivera, P.D., A. Badebo, S. Xu, D. Klindworth, and Y. Jin. 2012. Resistance to Race TTKSK of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici in emmer Wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. dicoccum). Crop Science 52: 2234–2242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Patterson, J.A., and K.M. Burkholder. 2003. Application of Prebiotics and Probiotics in Poultry Production. Poultry Science 82 (4): 627–631.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Paarlberg, P.L., A.H. Seitzinger, J.G. Lee, and K.H. Matthews, Jr. 2008. Economic Impacts of Foreign Animal Disease. Economic Research Report No. 57. 71pp. Washington, DC: USDA, Economic Research Service. https://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/pub-details/?pubid=45991
  34. Peabody, E. 2005. Playing the Field. New Resource Helps Potato Farmers Decide on the Right Crop Rotations. Agricultural Research 53 (12): 19–21.Google Scholar
  35. Pollinator Health Task Force. 2015. Pollinator Research Action Plan. The White House, Washington, D.C. 85pp. https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/ostp/Pollinator%20Research%20Action%20Plan%202015.pdf.
  36. Rahmatov, M., M.N. Rouse, B.J. Steffenson, S.C. Andersson, R. Wanyera, Z.A. Pretorius, A. Houben, N. Kumarse, S. Bhavani, and E. Hohansson. 2016. Sources of Stem Rust Resistance in Wheat-Alien Introgression Lines. Plant Disease 100: 1101–1109. https://www.ars.usda.gov/ARSUserFiles/45739/Rahmatov%20Plant%20Disease%202016.pdf.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Scorza, R., C. Dardick, A. Callahan, C. Srinivasan, T. Delong, J. Harper, C. Raines, S. Castro. 2012. ‘FasTrack’—A Revolutionary Approach to Long-Generation Cycle Specialty Crop Breeding. [abstract]. Xth International Symposium Plum and Prune Genetics. Paper No. 101. https://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publication/?seqNo115=279906.
  38. Seitz, N., K.S. Traynor, N. Steinhauer, K. Rennich, M.E. Wilson, J.D. Ellis, R. Rose, D.R. Tarpy, R.R. Sagli, D.M. Caron, K.S. Delaplane, J. Rangel, K. Lee, K. Baylis, J.T. Wilkes, J.A. Skinner, J.S. Pettis, and D. vanEngelsdorp. 2015. A National Survey of Managed Honey Bee 2014–2015 Annual Colony Losses in the USA. Journal of Apicultural Research 54 (4): 292–304. https://doi.org/10.1080/00218839.2016.1153294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Sharpley, A.N., T. Daniel, G. Gibson, L. Bundy, M. Cabrera, T. Sims, R. Stevens, J. Lemunyon, P. Kleinman, and R. Parry. 2006. Best Management Practices to Minimize Agricultural Phosphorous Impacts on Water Quality. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, ARS—163, 50pp.Google Scholar
  40. Smith, M.T., and J. Wu. 2008. Asian Longhorned Beetle: Renewed Threat to Northeastern USA and Implications Worldwide. International Pest Control 50 (6): 311–316.Google Scholar
  41. Stanley, D. 1995. Dairy Science to the Defense. Agricultural Research 43 (10): 10.Google Scholar
  42. Stommel, J., M. Camp, Y. Luo, and A.M. Welten. 2015. Genetic Diversity Provides Opportunities for Improvement of Fresh-Cut Pepper Quality. Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization 14 (2): 112–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Stommel, J., M. Pushko, K. Haynes, and B. Whitaker. 2014. Differential Inheritance of Pepper (Capsicum annum) Fruit Pigments Results in Black to Violet Fruit Color. Plant Breeding 133: 788–793. https://doi.org/10.1111/PBR.12209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Szogi, A.A., M.B. Vanotti, and A.E. Stansbery. 2006. Reduction of Ammonia Emissions from Treated Anaerobic Swine Lagoons. Transactions of the ASABE 49 (1): 217–225.  10.13031/2013.20241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. 2007. Foot-and-Mouth Disease Vaccine. APHIS Factsheet, Veterinary Services, March 2007. 2pp.Google Scholar
  46. USDA. 1969. The Story of U.S. Agricultural Estimates. Miscellaneous Publication No. 1088. Statistical Reporting Service, Washington, D.C. 137pp.Google Scholar
  47. Vanotti, M.B., P.D. Millner, P.G. Hunt, and A.Q. Ellison. 2005. Removal of Pathogen and Indicator Microorganisms from Liquid Swine Manure in Multi-Step Biological and Chemical Treatment. Bioresource Technology 96 (2): 209–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. van Nocker, S., and S.E. Gardiner. 2014. Breeding Better Cultivars, Faster: Applications of New Technologies for the Rapid Deployment of Superior Horticultural Tree Crops. Horticulture Research 1: 14022. https://doi.org/10.1038/hortres.2014.22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Vega, F.E., F. Infante, and A.J. Johnson. 2015. The Genus Hypothenemus, with Emphasis on H. hampei, the Coffee Berry Borer. In Bark Beetles, Biology and Ecology of Native and Invasive Species, ed. F.E. Vega and R.W. Hofstetter, First ed., 427–494. London: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  50. Xiong, J.-S., J. Ding, and Y. Li. 2015. Genome-Editing Technologies and Their Potential Application in Horticultural Crop Breeding. Horticulture Research 2: 15019. https://doi.org/10.1038/hortres.2015.19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Xu, L., J.B. Cole, D.M. Bickhart, Y. Hou, J. Song, P.M. vanRaden, T.S. Sonstegard, C.P. Van Tassell, and G.E. Liu. 2014. Genome Wide CNV Analysis Reveals Additional Variants Associated With Milk Production Traits in Holsteins. BMC Genomics 15: 683–693. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2164/15/683.
  52. Xu, S., S.H. Lee, H.S. Lillehoj, Y.H. Hong, and D. Bravo. 2015. Effects of Dietary Selenium on Host Response to Necrotic Enteritis in Young Broilers. Research in Veterinary Science 98: 66–73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2014.12.004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Yang, C., C.A. Powell, Y. Duan, R.G. Shatters, Y. Lin, and M. Zhang. 2016. Mitigating Citrus Huanglongbing via Effective Application of Antimicrobial Compounds and Thermotherapy. Crop Protection 84: 150–158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2016.03.013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Yao, S. 2011. “FasTracking” Plum Breeding. Agricultural Research 59 (3): 16–17.Google Scholar
  55. Yu, G., D.L. Klindworth, T.L. Friesen, J.D. Faris, S. Zhong, J.B. Rasmussen, and S.S. Xu. 2015. Development of a Diagnostic Co-Dominant Marker for Stem Rust Resistance Gene Sr47 Introgressed from Aegilops speltoides into Durum Wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 128: 2367–2374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Yun, C.H., H.S. Lillehoj, and E.P. Lillehoj. 2000. Intestinal Immune Responses to Coccidiosis. Developmental & Comparative Immunology 24 (2–3): 303–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Zhang, M., Y. Guo, C.A. Powell, M.S. Doud, C. Yang, and Y. Duan. 2014. Effective Antibiotics against ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ in HLB-Affected Citrus Plants Identified via the Graft-Based Evaluation. PLoS One 9 (11): e111032. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111032.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Soil Health InstituteMorrisvilleUSA
  2. 2.USDA Agricultural Research ServiceWashington, DCUSA

Personalised recommendations