Advertisement

The Teleut Language is of the Kipchak Turkic Language Origin According to the Leipzig–Jakarta List

  • Innokentiy N. Novgorodov
  • Albina F. Gainutdinova
  • Linara K. Ishkildina
  • Denis M. Tokmashev
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 677)

Abstract

This article is about a classification status of the Teleut language according to the Leipzig–Jakarta list. The Teleuts are the Turkic people located in southwestern Siberia, Kemerovo Oblast, Russia. According to the 2010 census, there were 2,643 Teleuts in Russia.

Materials and methods. Research materials are words of the Leipzig–Jakarta list of the Turkic languages. These most resistant words were written out from the dictionaries and publications. The Leipzig–Jakarta list is a 100 word list to test the degree of a relationship of the languages. In this survey the comparative method is used as the main one. A quantitative method is applied to count the similarities and discrepancies in the Leipzig-Jakarta list of the Teleut idiom in comparison with the Oghuz and Kipchak languages. Also different data to study the classification status of the Teleut idiom are employed.

Discussions. Teleut as the Altai language dialect was previously considered to belong to the Kipchak languages according to Baskakov’s conception. On the other hand, according to Mudrak’s opinion Teleut was included into the Siberian group of the Turkic languages together with Khakass, Shor, Saryg-Yughur, Yakut, Tuvinian, Altai and others.

Conclusions. Authors come to conclusion that the Teleut language is of the Kipchak Turkic language origin according to the Leipzig–Jakarta list. Also the Teleut language has its own linguistic (phonetic and lexical) features that differ it from the Altai language and this fact proves including the Teleut language to peripheral group along with the Kyrghyz and Altai languages.

Keywords

Language Leipzig-Jakarta list Teleut Oghuz Kipchak 

Abbreviations

alt. –

Altai

ar. –

Arabian

bash. –

Bashkir

dial. –

Dialectological

i.e. –

Indo-European

mo. –

Written Mongolian

tat. –

Tatar

tel. –

Teleut

tur. –

Turkish

tu. –

Turkic

yak. –

Yakut

ESTJ 1974 –

Sevortyan, E. Etimologicheskiy slovar’ tyurkskikh yazykov. Obshchetyurkskie i mezhtyurkskie osnovy na glasnye (in Russian) [Etymological dictionary of Turkic languages. All-Turkic and cross-Turkic stems starting with vowels]. Nauka, Moscow (1974)

ESTJ 1978 –

Sevortyan, E., Gadzhieva, N (ed). Etimologicheskiy slovar tyurkskikh yazykov. Obshchetyurkskie i mezhtyurkskie osnovy na bukvu “B” (in Russian) [Etymological dictionary of Turkic languages. All-Turkic and cross-Turkic stems starting with letter “B”]. Nauka, Moscow (1978)

ESTJ 1980 –

Sevortyan, E., Gadzhieva, N (ed). Etimologicheskiy slovar tyurkskikh yazykov. Obshchetyurkskie i mezhtyurkskie osnovy na bukvy “V”, “G”, “D”, (in Russian) [Etymological dictionary of Turkic languages. All-Turkic and cross-Turkic stems starting with letters “V”, “G” and “D”]. Nauka, Moscow (1980)

ESTJ 1989 –

Levitskaya, L. (ed) Etimologicheskiy slovar tyurkskikh yazykov. Obshchetyurkskie i mezhtyurkskie osnovy na bukvy “ǰ”, “ZH”, “Y” (in Russian) [Etymological dictionary of Turkic languages. All-Turkic and cross-Turkic stems starting with letters “ǰ”, “ZH”, and “Y”]. Nauka, Moscow (1989)

ESTJ 1997 –

Etimologicheskiy slovar tyurkskikh yazykov. Obshchetyurkskie i mezhtyurkskie leksicheskie osnovy na bukvy “K”, “Q” (in Russian) [Etymological dictionary of Turkic languages. All-Turkic and cross-Turkic lexical stems starting with letters “K” and “Q”]. Yazyki russkoy kultury, Moscow (1997)

ESTJ 2000 –

Etimologicheskiy slovar tyurkskikh yazykov. Obshchetyurkskie i mezhtyurkskie leksicheskie osnovy na bukvy “K” (in Russian) [Etymological dictionary of Turkic languages. All-Turkic and cross-Turkic lexical stems starting with letter “K”]. Yazyki russkoy kultury, Moscow (2000). Yazyki russkoy kultury, Moscow (2000)

ESTJ 2003 –

Etimologicheskiy slovar tyurkskikh yazykov. Obshchetyurkskie i mezhtyurkskie leksicheskie osnovy na bukvy “L”, “M”, “N”, “P”, “S” (in Russian) [Etymological dictionary of Turkic languages. All-Turkic and cross-Turkic lexical stems starting with letters “L”, “M”, “N”, “P”, and “S”]. Vostochnaya literatura RAN, Moscow (2003)

Räs 1969 –

Räsäsnen, M. Versuch einen etymologischen Wörterbuchs der Türksprachen. Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, Helsinki: (1969)

Notes

Acknowledgements

We sincerely thank the Russian Federation Government for the grant “Yazykovoe i etnokulturnoe raznoobrazie Yuzhnoi Sibiri v sinkhronii i diakhronii: vzaimodeistvie yazykov i kultur” [The linguistic and ethno-cultural diversity of Southern Siberia in synchrony and diachrony: the interaction of languages and cultures] (Project 2016-220-05-150); this publication was prepared within the framework of this research project.

References

  1. 1.
    Baskakov, N.: Altayskiy yazyk [The Altai language]. In: Yartseva, V. (ed.) Yazyki mira. Tyurkskie yazyki, pp. 179–187. Indrik, Moscow (1997). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mudrak, O.: Ob utochnenii klassifikatsii tyurkskikh yazykov s pomoshch’yu morfologicheskoy lingvostatistiki [On the specifying of Turkic languages classification using morphological linguostatistics]. In: Tenishev, E. (ed.) Sravnitelno-istoricheskaya grammatika tyurkskikh yazykov. Regionalnyye rekonstruktsii, pp. 733–737. Nauka, Moscow (2002). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Munkasci, B.: Beitrӓge zu den alten Lehnwörtern im Türkischen. Keleti-Szemple VI(2–3), 376–379 (1905)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Novgorodov, I., Lemskaya, V., Gainutdinova, A., Ishkildina, L.: The Chulym Turkic language is of the Kipchak Turkic language origin according to the Leipzig-Jakarta list. Türkbilig 29, 1–18 (2015)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Novgorodov, I., Tokmashev, D., Gainutdinova, A., Ishkildina, L.: Remarks on the Leipzig-Jakarta list of the Teleut language. Crede Expero: transport, obshhestvo, obrazovanie, jazyk 4, 48–58 (2016)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Novgorodov, I.: Ustojchivyj slovarnyj fond Tyurkskikh yazykov [The Leipzig-Jakarta list of the Turkic languages]. SMIK, Yakutsk (2016). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pedersen, H.: Türkische Lautgesetze. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenlӓndlischen Gesellschaft LVII, pp. 535–561 (1903)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Shcherbak, A.: Vvedeniye v sravnitelnoye izucheniye tyurkskikh yazykov [Introduction to the Comparative Study of Turkic Languages]. In: Pokrovskaya, L. (eds.) Nauka, St. Petersburg (1994). (in Russian)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tadmor, U.: The Leipzig-Jakarta list of basic vocabulary. In: Haspelmath, M., Tadmor, U. (eds.) Loanwords in the World’s Languages: A Comparative Handbook, pp. 68–75. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin (2009)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Census: Vserossiyskaya perepis naseleniya (in Russian) [All-Russian Census] (2010). http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/perepis_itogi1612.htm. Accessed 05 January 2017

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.North-Eastern Federal UniversityYakutskRussian Federation
  2. 2.Academy of Sciences of Tatarstan RepublicKazanRussian Federation
  3. 3.Ufa Scientific Center of Russian Academy of SciencesUfaRussian Federation
  4. 4.Tomsk Polytechnic UniversityTomskRussian Federation

Personalised recommendations