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A Relationship of Chulym Turkic to the Peripheral and Uralian Kipchak Languages According to the Leipzig–Jakarta List

  • Innokentiy N. Novgorodov
  • Nikolay N. Efremov
  • Spiridon A. Ivanov
  • Valeriya M. Lemskaya
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 677)

Abstract

Background. This article is about a relationship of the Chulym Turkic language to the peripheral and Uralian Kipchak Turkic languages. The Chulym Turks are the people of the South-East of the West-Siberian Plain. The number of the Chulym Turks is around 365 people in Russia.

Materials and Methods. Research materials are words of the Leipzig–Jakarta list of the Turkic languages. These most resistant words were written out from dictionaries and publications. The Leipzig–Jakarta list is a 100 word list to test the degree of a relationship of the languages. In this survey the comparative method is used as the main method. A quantitative method is applied to count the similarities and discrepancies in the Leipzig-Jakarta list of the Turkic languages. Also an interdisciplinary approach and different data to study the classification status of the Teleut (as peripheral) and Siberian Tatar (as Uralian) idioms are employed.

Discussions. Previously we reached a conclusion that Chulym Turkic is of the Kipchak Turkic language origin according to the Leipzig-Jakarta list. This article sets the questions to which modern Kipchak languages Chulym Turkic is related or whether it is a separate Kipchak language group. Also, the classification status of Teleut and Siberian Tatar is discussed.

Conclusions. Authors come to the conclusion that the Chulym Turkic language is more similar to the peripheral Kipchak languages. The Teleut and Siberian Tatar idioms are the separate Kipchak Turkic languages where the first one is peripheral and the second one is Uralian.

Keywords

Languages Leipzig-Jakarta list Turkic Kipchak Peripheral Uralian Chulym Turkic 

Abbreviations

alt.

– Altai

bash.

– Bashkir

chin.

– Chinese

chul.

– Chulym

dial.

– dialectological

i.e.

– Indo-European

kyrg.

– Kyrgyz

mo.

– Written Mongolian

pers.

– Persian

stat.

– SiberianTatar

tat.

– Tatar

tel.

– Teleut

tu.

– Turkic

turk.

– Turkmenian

yak.

– Yakut

ESTJ 1974

– Sevortyan, E. Etimologicheskiy slovar’ tyurkskikh yazykov. Obshchetyurkskie i mezhtyurkskie osnovy na glasnye (in Russian) [Etymological dictionary of the Turkic languages. All-Turkic and cross-Turkic stems starting with vowels]. Nauka, Moscow (1974)

ESTJ 1978

– Sevortyan, E., Gadzhieva, N. (ed). Etimologicheskiy slovar tyurkskikh yazykov. Obshchetyurkskie i mezhtyurkskie osnovy na bukvu “B” (in Russian) [Etymological dictionary of the Turkic languages. All-Turkic and cross-Turkic stems starting with letter “B”]. Nauka, Moscow (1978)

ESTJ 1980

– Sevortyan, E., Gadzhieva, N. (ed). Etimologicheskiy slovar tyurkskikh yazykov. Obshchetyurkskie i mezhtyurkskie osnovy na bukvy “V”, “G”, “D”, (in Russian) [Etymological dictionary of the Turkic languages. All-Turkic and cross-Turkic stems starting with letters “V”, “G”, and “D”]. Nauka, Moscow (1980)

ESTJ 1989

– Levitskaya, L. (ed) Etimologicheskiy slovar tyurkskikh yazykov. Obshchetyurkskie i mezhtyurkskie osnovy na bukvy “ǰ”, “ZH”, “Y” (in Russian) [Etymological dictionary of the Turkic languages. All-Turkic and cross-Turkic stems starting with letters “ǰ”, “ZH”, and “Y”]. Nauka, Moscow (1989)

ESTJ 1997

– Etimologicheskiy slovar tyurkskikh yazykov. Obshchetyurkskie i mezhtyurkskie leksicheskie osnovy na bukvy “K”, “Q” (in Russian) [Etymological dictionary of the Turkic languages. All-Turkic and cross-Turkic lexical stems starting with letters “K” and “Q”]. Yazyki russkoy kultury, Moscow (1997)

ESTJ 2000

– Etimologicheskiy slovar tyurkskikh yazykov. Obshchetyurkskie i mezhtyurkskie leksicheskie osnovy na bukvy “K” (in Russian) [Etymological dictionary of the Turkic languages. All-Turkic and cross-Turkic lexical stems starting with letter “K”]. Yazyki russkoy kultury, Moscow (2000)

ESTJ 2003

– Etimologicheskiy slovar tyurkskikh yazykov. Obshchetyurkskie i mezhtyurkskie leksicheskie osnovy na bukvy “L”, “M”, “N”, “P”, “S” (in Russian) [Etymological dictionary of the Turkic languages. All-Turkic and cross-Turkic lexical stems starting with letter “L”, “M”, “N”, “P”, and “S”]. Vostochnaya literatura RAN, Moscow (2003)

Räs 1969

– Räsäsnen, M. Versuch einen etymologischen Wörterbuchs der Türksprachen. Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, Helsinki: (1969).

Notes

Acknowledgments

We sincerely thank the Russian Federation Government for the grant “Yazykovoe i etnokulturnoe raznoobrazie Yuzhnoi Sibiri v sinkhronii i diakhronii: vzaimodeistvie yazykov i kultur” [The linguistic and ethno-cultural diversity of Southern Siberia in synchrony and diachrony: the interaction of languages and cultures] (Project 2016-220-05-150); this publication was prepared within the framework of this research project.

We also sincerely thank Y.E. Zhumaev who checked and added items to the Kyrgyz materials.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.North-Eastern Federal UniversityYakutskRussian Federation
  2. 2.The Institute for Humanities Research and Indigenous Studies of the NorthYakutskRussian Federation
  3. 3.Tomsk Polytechnic UniversityTomskRussian Federation
  4. 4.Tomsk State Pedagogical UniversityTomskRussian Federation
  5. 5.Tomsk State UniversityTomskRussian Federation

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