Concurrent Design: Instructional and Motivational Strategy Planning
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Once the objectives are clustered, the next set of essential design tasks in the concurrent design stage is to determine the instructional and motivational strategies for online instruction. Formative evaluation continues as the instructional strategies take form. To promote a sense of continuity, the designer uses a conceptual framework for describing these instructional and motivational strategies. The WBID Model uses the WBI Strategy Worksheet as the means to frame and document such strategies. While creating these strategies, the designer must bear in mind other factors that impact online delivery: class size, navigation and learner control, feedback, and interactivity. The designer also determines the types of media to incorporate into the online instruction, if it has not already been predetermined.
This chapter begins with an overview of the main features in an LMS that influence the types of instructional and motivational strategies selected. A discussion of the conceptual framework that guides the design plan follows. We next describe the WBI Strategy Worksheet, which outlines the framework, and provide examples of how to use it. We then present two different motivational models and describe basic motivational strategies. In the last section of this chapter, several factors that affect the design are explored. Development tasks, the last part of the concurrent design stage, are the subject of Chap. 8.
KeywordsWeb instructional strategy worksheet Instructional strategies Motivation Motivational strategies Learning management systems Intrinsic motivation Extrinsic motivation Navigation Learner control Class size Learning management system (LMS) Feedback Interactivity
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