Concurrent Design: Preplanning and Design Tasks
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The designer’s attention turns to design at this stage in the WBID Model. Essential design tasks move the design and development process from analysis through development. At this point in the WBID Model, project plans are developed, tasks assigned to personnel, and tasks such as writing objectives, creating assessments, and establishing timelines occur. Throughout the process, continuous improvement through evaluation and enhancement occurs.
Once analyses have been conducted and evaluation plans formulated, attention turns to design and development. Design and development tasks can be completed in tandem, a process known as concurrent design. At this stage of the WBID Model, the designer formulates the design plan, writes objectives, and determines instructional and motivational strategies. The process then moves from design planning into prototyping. Formative evaluation is incorporated in to concurrent design to refine plans and prototypes as they are created. We divide our discussion of concurrent design stage into three chapters. This chapter focuses on design-related tasks—from preplanning through clustering objectives. Chapter 7 explores instructional and motivational strategies and introduces a new tool, the WBI Strategy Worksheet. In this chapter, we also discuss factors that affect design. Chapter 8 culminates the discussion by focusing attention on tasks such as storyboarding, flowcharting, and developing and evaluating prototypes.
This chapter begins with a description of preplanning activities, which include identifying design tasks, identifying personnel, and establishing a timeline for design and development procedures. We then discuss writing objectives and types of assessment strategies as well as how to complete the TOAB with objectives and assessment items. We close with a discussion of how to cluster objectives.
KeywordsConcurrent design Milestones Gantt chart 5-Component objectives 3-Component objectives Assessment Diagnostic assessment Formative assessment Summative assessment Alternative assessment Assessment security Proctoring
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