The Pre-Andean Phases of Construction of the Southern Andes Basement in Neoproterozoic–Paleozoic Times

  • Nemesio Heredia
  • Joaquín García-Sansegundo
  • Gloria Gallastegui
  • Pedro Farias
  • Raúl Giacosa
  • Fernando Hongn
  • José María Tubía
  • Juan Juis Alonso
  • Pere Busquets
  • Reynaldo Charrier
  • Pilar Clariana
  • Ferrán Colombo
  • Andrés Cuesta
  • Jorge Gallastegui
  • Laura Giambiagi
  • Luis González-Menéndez
  • Oscar Limarino
  • Fidel Martín-González
  • David Pedreira
  • Luis Quintana
  • Luis Roberto Rodríguez-Fernández
  • Álvaro Rubio-Ordóñez
  • Raúl Seggiaro
  • Samanta Serra-Varela
  • Luis Spalletti
  • Raúl Cardó
  • Victor A. Ramos
Part of the Springer Earth System Sciences book series (SPRINGEREARTH)


During the late Neoproterozoic and Paleozoic times, the southern Andes of Argentina and Chile (21º–55º S) formed part of the southwestern margin of Gondwana. During this period of time, a set of continental fragments of variable extent and allochtony was successively accreted to that margin, resulting in six Paleozoic orogenies of different temporal and spatial extension: Pampean (Ediacaran–early Cambrian), Famatinian (Middle Ordovician–Silurian), Ocloyic (Middle Ordovician–Devonian), Chanic (Middle Devonian–early Carboniferous), Gondwanan (Middle Devonian–middle Permian), and Tabarin (late Permian–Triassic). All these orogenies culminate with collisional events, with the exception of the Tabarin and a part of the Gondwanan orogenies that are subduction-related.


Paleozoic Southern Andes Pampean orogen Ocloyic orogen Famatinian orogen Chanic orogen Gondwanan orogen Tabarin orogen 



This chapter shows the main results of the InverAndes (BTE2002-04316-C03), PaleoAndes I (CGL2006-12415-CO3/BTE), PaleoAndes II (CGL2009-13706-CO3), TORANDES (CGL2012-38396-C03) projects, supported by the I+D+i Spanish Plan and FEDER Funds from the European Union. We are especially grateful to Romina Sulla for reviewing the English text. Thanks also due to P. González and M. Naipauer for their suggestions and valuable comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nemesio Heredia
    • 1
  • Joaquín García-Sansegundo
    • 2
  • Gloria Gallastegui
    • 1
  • Pedro Farias
    • 2
  • Raúl Giacosa
    • 3
  • Fernando Hongn
    • 4
  • José María Tubía
    • 5
  • Juan Juis Alonso
    • 2
  • Pere Busquets
    • 6
  • Reynaldo Charrier
    • 7
  • Pilar Clariana
    • 1
  • Ferrán Colombo
    • 6
  • Andrés Cuesta
    • 2
  • Jorge Gallastegui
    • 2
  • Laura Giambiagi
    • 8
  • Luis González-Menéndez
    • 1
  • Oscar Limarino
    • 9
  • Fidel Martín-González
    • 10
  • David Pedreira
    • 2
  • Luis Quintana
    • 2
  • Luis Roberto Rodríguez-Fernández
    • 1
  • Álvaro Rubio-Ordóñez
    • 2
  • Raúl Seggiaro
    • 11
  • Samanta Serra-Varela
    • 12
  • Luis Spalletti
    • 13
  • Raúl Cardó
    • 14
  • Victor A. Ramos
    • 15
  1. 1.Instituto Geológico y Minero de EspañaMadridSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de GeologíaUniversidad de OviedoOviedoSpain
  3. 3.Universidad de Río Negro y Servicio Geológico y Minero ArgentinoGeneral RocaArgentina
  4. 4.IBIGEO (CONICET-UNSA)Rosario de LermaArgentina
  5. 5.Departamento de GeodinámicaUniversidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU)LejonaSpain
  6. 6.Facultad de GeologíaUniversidad de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  7. 7.Departamento de GeologíaUniversidad de ChileSantiagoChile
  8. 8.Unidad de Tectónica. IANIGLA-CONICETMendozaArgentina
  9. 9.Facultad de GeologíaUniversidad de Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina
  10. 10.Área de Geología ESCETUniversidad Rey Juan CarlosMostolesSpain
  11. 11.Universidad de Salta y Servicio Geológico y Minero ArgentinoSaltaArgentina
  12. 12.Instituto de Investigación en Paleobiología y GeologíaGeneral RocaArgentina
  13. 13.Centro de Investigaciones GeológicasUniversidad de La PlataLa PlataArgentina
  14. 14.Universidad de San Juan y Servicio Geológico Minero ArgentinoSan JuanArgentina
  15. 15.Instituto de Estudios Andinos “Don Pablo Groeber”, Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas, FCENUniversidad de Buenos Aires–CONICETBuenos AiresArgentina

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