Listeria spp.

  • Douglas I. Johnson


  • Genomics:
    • Listeria monocytogenes chromosome (serovar 1/2a): 2,944,528 bp; 2853 predicted ORFs (Glaser et al. 2001)

  • Cell morphology:
    • Rod-shaped cells; sometimes in short chains (Fig. 6.1)

    • Non-endospore former

    • Peritrichous flagella at 23 °C (outside host) but not at 37 °C (inside host)

  • Gram stain:
    • Gram positive

  • Growth:
    • Facultative anaerobes; catalase positive

    • Ubiquitous in nature: soil, vegetation, and animal feces

    • Cold enrichment: ability to grow at 4 °C
      • Major problem in food safety with contaminated food products (Donnelly 2001)

    • At least 17 species: Listeria monocytogenes is primary human pathogen:
      • Serotypes 1/2a, 1/2b, and 4b – ~90% of human isolates


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas I. Johnson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology & Molecular GeneticsUniversity of VermontBurlingtonUSA

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