Bordetella spp.

  • Douglas I. Johnson


  • Genomics (Parkhill et al. 2003):
    • Bordetella pertussis Tohama I chromosome: 4,086,186 bp; 3816 predicted ORFs

    • Bordetella bronchiseptica RB50 chromosome: 5,338,400 bp; 5007 predicted ORFs

    • Bordetella parapertussis 12,822 chromosome: 4,773,551 bp; 4004 predicted ORFs

  • Cell morphology:
    • Very small coccobacilli; usually single cells or pairs (Fig. 12.1).

    • B. bronchiseptica is motile using flagella; B. pertussis is not – flagella genes are deleted.

  • Gram stain:
    • Gram negative

  • Growth:
    • Obligate aerobes; oxidase positive

    • Fastidious slow growth; requires nicotinamide

    • Humans are only verified reservoir for Bordetella pertussis; no environmental reservoirs

    • Nine species: three primary mammalian pathogenic species
      • Bordetella pertussis – human pathogen

      • Bordetella bronchiseptica – occasional human pathogen; other mammals

      • Bordetella parapertussis – other mammals; dogs (“kennel cough”)

    • Biofilm former – generally noninvasive


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas I. Johnson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology & Molecular GeneticsUniversity of VermontBurlingtonUSA

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