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Neuroimaging in Clinical Geriatric Psychiatry

  • Amer M. Burhan
  • Udunna C. Anazodo
  • Jean-Paul Soucy
Chapter

Abstract

Brain imaging has evolved to facilitate our understanding of structural and functional correlates of emotional, behavioral, and cognitive disorder we face in the clinical practice of geriatric psychiatry. The application of brain imaging techniques as diagnostic or therapeutic monitoring tools is still evolving. Today, brain imaging is both a clinical and research tool. Some imaging modalities have current clinical indications, mainly in ruling out treatable or modifiable illnesses that present with behavioral and/or cognitive symptoms in old age, and some require further validation to improve their predictive value. Clinicians need to use brain imaging tools wisely and in the broader context of various clinical data sources (e.g., history, examination, laboratory studies) to more focally define, explain, and, ultimately, manage clinical syndromes. In this chapter, we will provide an overview of currently available neuroimaging modalities, orient clinicians to structural and functional neuroanatomy, provide case examples on how neuroimaging can support the clinical diagnostic process, and offer suggestion on how to use neuroimaging optimally in geriatric psychiatry clinics.

Keywords

Neuroimaging CT MRI PET SPECT Neuroanatomy Aging Neurocognitive 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amer M. Burhan
    • 1
  • Udunna C. Anazodo
    • 2
  • Jean-Paul Soucy
    • 3
  1. 1.Parkwood Institute-Mental Health/Western UniversityLondonCanada
  2. 2.Lawson Health Research InstituteLondonCanada
  3. 3.Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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