China Versus Silicon Valley: Comparison and Implications

  • Annika Steiber
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Business book series (BRIEFSBUSINESS)


This final chapter of Management in the Digital Age: Will China Surpass Silicon Valley? summarizes the findings in the book by addressing three questions posed at the start: Is China to the point where it can be viewed as an “innovation country”? Are management models used by the Chinese case companies similar to the previously identified Silicon Valley Model? And what are the implications for managers and policy makers worldwide? The chapter concludes that China already has strong innovation capabilities and is rapidly developing them further, and that management models used by the Chinese and Silicon Valley case companies are quite similar in many but not all respects. Managers and policy makers are urged to recognize the full extent of China’s rapid development, and to be aware that management models better suited to today’s times are now emerging globally. Firms (or nations) which are not yet appropriately transformed for the Digital Age are advised to take action now. The chapter also calls for continuing research into the areas covered in this book.


Digital age Internet age Management New management model China management Silicon valley management China vs silicon valley Innovation management Change management 


  1. Alibaba Group (2017) Corporate governance: partnership structure. Alibaba Group website. Accessed 30 July 2017
  2. Bahrami H (1992) The emerging flexible organization: perspectives from silicon valley. Calif Manag Rev, 34(4):33–52Google Scholar
  3. Barboza D (2005) New partner for Yahoo is a master at selling. The New York Times, Aug. 15, 2005. Accessed 27 June 2017
  4. Casey R (2008) The Model T: a centennial history. Johns Hopkins University Press, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  5. Chan C (2015) When one app rules them all: the case of WeChat and mobile in China., 6 Aug. 2015. Accessed 27 June 2017
  6. Chesbrough H (2003) Open innovation: the new imperative for creating and profiting from technology. Harvard Business School Publishing, BostonGoogle Scholar
  7. De Cremer D, Tao T (2016) Leadership innovation: Huawei’s rotating CEO system. All China Review, 9 March 2016. Accessed 29 July 2017
  8. Elliott D (2014) Tencent—the secretive, Chinese tech giant that can rival Facebook and Amazon. Fast Company, 17 April 2014. Accessed 27 June 2017
  9. Greenberg A (2009) The man who’s beating Google., 16 Sept. 2009. Accessed 27 June 2017
  10. Haier Group (2017) Haier Group profile; About Haier. Haier website. Accessed 27 June 2017
  11. He L (2012) Chinese billionaire Lei Jun’s long, twisting road at Kingsoft., 19 July 2012. Accessed 27 June 2017
  12. Mac R (2012) Meet Lei Jun: China’s Steve Jobs is the country’s newest billionaire., 18 July 2012. Accessed 22 July 2017
  13. McDonald J (2017) Haier’s boss looks far beyond appliances. Associated Press,, 30 March 2017. Accessed 22 July 2017
  14. Meng J (2017) Baidu focuses on AI as founder Robin Li hires new management team. South China Morning Post, 25 Jan. 2017. Accessed 27 June 2017
  15. New York Times News Service, Beijing (2006) Robin Li’s vision powers Baidu’s internet search dominance. Found in Taipei Times online, 17 Sept. 2006. Accessed 22 July 2017.
  16. Nie W, Xin K, Zhang L (2009) Made in China: secrets of China’s dynamic entrepreneurs. Wiley, Hoboken NJGoogle Scholar
  17. Nunes P, Downes L (2016) At Haier and Lenovo, Chinese-style open innovation., 26 Sept. 2016. Accessed 26 July 2017
  18. Pennington J (2017) The numbers that make China the world’s largest sharing economy. World Economic Forum website, 25 June 2017. Accessed 29 July 2017
  19. Rabkin A (2012). Leaders at Alibaba, Youku, and Baidu are slowly shaking up China’s corporate culture. Fast Company, 9 Jan. 2012. Accessed 27 June 2017
  20. Skaar O (2014) Meet Tencent, the massive Chinese company that’s going toe-to-toe with Facebook, Amazon, and Google. Curiousmatic, 5 May 2014. Accessed 29 July 2017
  21. Steiber A (2014) The Google model: managing continuous innovation in a rapidly changing world. Springer International Publishing, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  22. Steiber A, Alänge S (2013) The formation and growth of Google: a firm-level triple helix perspective. Soc Sci Inf, 52(4):575–604Google Scholar
  23. Steiber A, Alänge S (2016) The silicon valley model-management for entrepreneurship. Springer International Publishing, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  24. Stone B, Chen LY (2017) Tencent dominates in China. Next challenge is rest of the world. Accessed 26 July 2017
  25. Tao T, De Cremer D, Chunbo W (2017) Huawei: leadership, culture and connectivity. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks CAGoogle Scholar
  26. Tsui AS, Wang H, Xin K, Zhang L, Fu P (2004) Let a thousand flowers bloom: variation of leadership styles among Chinese CEOs. Organ Dyn, 33(1):5–20Google Scholar
  27. Tsui AS, Wang H, Xin K (2006) Organizational culture in China: an analysis of cultural dimensions and culture types. Manag Organ Rev, 2(3):345–376Google Scholar
  28. Vaynerchuk G (2017) Comments at the Startup Grind conference in Hong Kong, July 2017Google Scholar
  29. Wong BA (2017) Skype interview by the author with Brian A. Wong, VP at Alibaba, 23 July 2017Google Scholar
  30. Yip GS, McKern B (2016) China’s next strategic advantage: from imitation to innovation. The MIT Press, Cambridge MAGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Annika Steiber
    • 1
  1. 1.A.S. Management Insights ABSaltsjö-booSweden

Personalised recommendations