Land–Atmosphere Interactions in South Asia: A Regional Earth Systems Perspective

Chapter
Part of the Springer Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry book series (SPRINGERREMO)

Abstract

Exchanges between the land and the atmosphere are complex and dynamic. Capturing these interactions provides a better understanding of the earth systems across multiple scales. Studies highlighting the energy budget partitioning and water cycle assessment have immensely contributed to defining better monsoon, weather and climate predictions as well as regional water vapor transport impacted by anthropogenic influences in South Asia. In this chapter, we provide examples of how the land–atmosphere interactions are influenced by changing soil moisture, evapotranspiration, water vapor transport, and planetary boundary layer depth over this region. Climate change adaptation requires the knowledge of how large-scale atmospheric and climate-induced forcings impact at a local scale. Therefore, proper physical understanding of the processes that influence the feedbacks between the vegetation, water, and atmosphere becomes essential for future management of natural resources and water management.

Keywords

Land–atmospheric interactions Energy budgets South Asia 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Venkataramana Sridhar
    • 1
  • Prasanth Valayamkunnath
    • 1
  1. 1.212 Seitz Hall, Biological Systems EngineeringVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

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