Project MANTRA: Multi-platform ANalysis of TRace Gases and Aerosols with a Focus on Atmospheric CO2 Measurements for Southeast Asia
This chapter gives an overview of Project MANTRA (Multi-platform Analysis of Trace gases and Aerosols) focusing on atmospheric carbon dioxide. Specifically, this chapter addresses how surface CO2 data can be measured in a cost-effective manner. Applications are shown for measurements at Lampang Rajabhat University (LPRU), Thailand, at the University of the Philippines Institute of Environmental Science and Meteorology (UP-IESM) and at Biñan, Laguna, Philippines. The measured data were also compared with simulations using the Regional Emissions Inventory in Asia (REAS ver. 2.1) and the Stochastic Time-Inverted Lagrangian Transport (STILT) model. Mobile measurements taken from the Lampang-Tak route in Thailand and from Quezon City-Baguio route in the Philippines are also shown. Broadening to the regional scale, measurements from the Ship of Opportunity (SOOP), from the High-performance Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research (HIAPER) Pole-to-Pole Observation (HIPPO) and from the Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) over the Southeast Asian region are presented. New initiatives such as the Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) Southeast Asia are also introduced.
KeywordsAtmospheric CO2 measurements STILT model Southeast Asia
The author would like to thank the following: Gerry Bagtasa, Mark Daryl Ramos, John Manalo, Loren Joy Estrebillo and Marinell Palangao of UP-IESM, Thiranan Sonkaew, Jenjira Paengkantha, Sarinee Jaikanngean and Nattaya Kawee of LPRU, and Teresa Macatangay and Norma Macatangay for assisting in the fixed site surface CO2 measurements; Thiranan Sonkaew of LPRU, Loren Joy Estrebillo, John Manalo, Yak Manalo, John Ariel Rojas. and Patricia Erika Lim of UP-IESM for assisting in the terrestrial mobile measurements of surface CO2; Yukihiro Nojiri and Hiroshi Tanimoto of NIES and Shigeru Kariya of GEF for assisting with the data access from Fujitrans World Ship of Opportunity; and Debra Wunch of CALTECH, Voltaire Velazco and David Griffith of UoW, Florian Schwandner of NASA JPL and Isamu Morino of NIES for assisting with the TCCON and GOSAT data.
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