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Agreements and Institutions Related to Shared Rivers within South Asia and Beyond

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South Asian Rivers

Part of the book series: The Anthropocene: Politik—Economics—Society—Science ((APESS,volume 21))


Six countries of South Asia—Afghanistan , Bangladesh, Bhutan , India , Nepal and Pakistan—share the water flows of twenty major and scores of smaller rivers. The three main river systems are the Indus, the Ganga or Ganges, and the Brahmaputra . The Indus Basin includes areas in China, Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan. The Brahmaputra and the Ganges connect China , Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Bangladesh. At present South Asia is arguably the only region without any regional mechanism or initiative on the sharing of the common trans-boundary rivers.

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  1. 1.

    See: Price, G. et al. (2014) Attitudes to Water in South Asia, Chatham House Report, Royal Institute of International Affairs.

  2. 2.

    Ibid, p. 25.

  3. 3.

    See: Kishore Uprety and Salman MA Salman’s essay entitled “Legal Aspects of Sharing and Management of Transboundary Waters in South Asia: Preventing Conflicts and Promoting Cooperation” in the publication Hydrological Sciences Journal, 2011.

  4. 4.

    Salman, M.A. and Uprety, K. (2003). Conflict and Cooperation on South Asia’s International Rivers: A Legal Perspective, Washington DC.

  5. 5.

    Hanasz, P. (2014). “Sharing Waters vs. Sharing Rivers: The 1996 Ganges Treaty”, Transboundary, July. Global Water Forum.

  6. 6.


  7. 7.

    The bridge will connect the south west regions of Bangladesh with the northern and eastern regions.


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Kakakhel, S. (2018). Agreements and Institutions Related to Shared Rivers within South Asia and Beyond. In: Ahmed, I. (eds) South Asian Rivers. The Anthropocene: Politik—Economics—Society—Science, vol 21. Springer, Cham.

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