Role of the Biota in Forming the Environment

  • Victor I. Danilov-Danil’yan
  • Igor E. Reyf


Limitations on carbon resources in the biosphere and the “waste-free technologies” of the modern biosphere —Removal of carbon from the atmosphere in previous geological epochs—The oceanic biota’s role in the carbon cycle—Soil as a reservoir of organic carbon and accumulator of moisture—Role of the biota in soil formation—Regulation of the continental water cycle by the vegetative biota—The forest biotic pump as the most important condition for life on land—Why Europe has not turned into desert.


Carbon resources Carbon cycle Waste-free technologies of the biota Carbon removal Oceanic biotic pump Biotic soil formation Plant biota Viktor Gorshkov Anastasia Makarieva Continental water cycle Transpiration Forest biotic pump of atmospheric moisture Desertification causes 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victor I. Danilov-Danil’yan
    • 1
  • Igor E. Reyf
    • 2
  1. 1.Correspondent Member of Russian Academy of SciencesDirector of the Water Problems Institute of RASMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Freelance Journalist/WriterFrankfurt am MainGermany

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