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Acute Headache Disorders in Adults and Children: Evidence-Based Emergency Imaging

  • L. Santiago Medina
  • Enrique Alvarado
  • Melissa Debayle
  • Elza Vasconcellos
Chapter
Part of the Evidence-Based Imaging book series (Evidence-Based Imag.)

Abstract

Headaches can be divided into primary and secondary. Primary causes include migraine, cluster, and tension-type headaches, while secondary etiologies include neoplasms, arteriovenous malformations, aneurysms, infections, trauma, and hydrocephalus. Diagnosis of primary headache disorders is based on clinical criteria as set forth by the International Headache Society (Headache Classification Subcommittee of the International Headache Society). A detailed history and physical examination help distinguish between primary and secondary headaches. Neuroimaging should aid in the diagnosis of secondary headache disorders.

Keywords

Acute headache disorders Emergency imaging CT MRI CTA MRA MDCT DSA Migraine Cluster Neoplasms Arteriovenous malformations Aneurysms Infections Trauma Hydrocephalus Evidence-based imaging 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Santiago Medina
    • 1
    • 2
  • Enrique Alvarado
    • 3
  • Melissa Debayle
    • 4
  • Elza Vasconcellos
    • 5
  1. 1.Nicklaus Children’s Hospital, Miami Children’s Health SystemsMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Florida International University, Herbert Wertheim College of MedicineMiamiUSA
  3. 3.Department of Diagnostic RadiologyPuerto Rico Children’s HospitalBayamónPuerto Rico
  4. 4.Department of RadiologyMount Sinai Medical CenterMiami BeachUSA
  5. 5.Department of NeurologyNicklaus Children’s Hospital/WeMind InstituteMiamiUSA

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