Case of a Girl with Irregular Periods, Acne, and Hirsutism

Chapter

Abstract

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is characterized by hyperandrogenism and ovarian dysfunction, with multiple coexistent criteria suggested for defining the syndrome. Diagnosis of PCOS should only be made after excluding other diagnoses, especially in adolescents in whom pubertal and perimenarchal physiology may overlap with some findings of PCOS. Therapy for PCOS in adolescents should be tailored to amelioration of symptoms, preservation of fertility, prevention of uterine cancer, and, if present, reduction in insulin resistance to prevent associated comorbidities.

Keywords

PCOS Polycystic ovary syndrome Oligomenorrhea Hirsutism Hyperandrogenism Testosterone Oligo-anovulation Insulin resistance 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of PediatricsUniversity of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA
  2. 2.University of WisconsinAdolescent PCOS Clinic, American Family Children’s HospitalMadisonUSA

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