Cost-Function Complexity Matters: When Does Parallel Dynamic Programming Pay Off for Join-Order Optimization
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The execution time of queries can vary by several orders of magnitude depending on the join order. Hence, an efficient query execution can be ensured by determining optimal join orders. Dynamic programming determines optimal join orders efficiently. Unfortunately, the runtime of dynamic programming depends on the characteristics of the query, limiting the applicability to simple optimization problems. To extend the applicability, different parallelization strategies were proposed. Although existing parallelization strategies showed benefits for complex cost functions, the effects of the cost-function complexity was not evaluated.
Therefore, in this paper, we compare different sequential and parallel dynamic programming variants with respect to different query characteristics and cost-function complexities. We show that the parallelization of a parallel dynamic programming variant is most often only useful for complex cost functions. For simple cost functions, we show that most often sequential variants are superior to their parallel counterparts.
This work was partially funded by the DFG (grant no.: SA 465/50-1).
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