This paper is a study of fuzzy type theory (FTT) with partial functions. Out of several possibilities we decided to introduce a special value “\(*\)” which represents “undefined”. In the interpretation of FTT, this value lays outside of the corresponding domain. In the syntax, it is naturally represented by the description operator acting on the empty (fuzzy) set which, of course, has no element and so, choosing an element from its kernel gives no result, i.e., it is undefined. We will demonstrate that our approach leads to reasonable characterization of the undefinedness. We will also show that any consistent theory of FTT has a model.


Partial functions Higher-order fuzzy logic Fuzzy type theory EQ-algebra 



This paper was supported by the grant 16-19170S of GAČR, Czech Republic.


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Research and Applications of Fuzzy ModelingUniversity of OstravaOstrava 1Czech Republic

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