Exploring Competition and Collaboration Behaviors in Game-Based Learning with Playing Analytics

  • Eric Sanchez
  • Nadine Mandran
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10474)


This paper draws on an empirical work dedicated to understand how the interplay between competition and collaboration influences play-based learning. We analyze the strategies performed by 242 pre-service teachers trained with Tamagocours, an online multiplayer tamagochi-like game. The study is based on the collection, analysis and reporting of data about players (playing analytics). The factorial analysis shows different classes of players. These classes differ in terms of how students perform competition and collaboration. The results also show the evolution of the player’s strategies. We conclude on the need for a shift from a game-based to a play-based perspective for conducting research into the use of games for educational purposes.


Play-based learning Playing analytics Competition Collaboration Co-opetition 



The Hubble project (e.Learning Traces Observatory) has been funded by the French National Agency for Research (ANR).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of FribourgFribourgSwitzerland
  2. 2.University of GrenobleGrenobleFrance

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