Impact of Acephate and Buprofezin on Soil Phosphatases

  • Naga Raju Maddela
  • Kadiyala Venkateswarlu
Chapter

Abstract

Phosphatases are a group of hydrolases that catalyze the hydrolysis of ester-phosphate bonds, leading to the formation of phosphate. These enzymes can be a good indicator of the organic phosphorus mineralization potential and biological activity of soils. Acid and alkaline phosphatases are very sensitive and respond very well to changes in the soil management practices. The present chapter provides information about the nontarget effects of acephate and buprofezin toward activities of acid and alkaline phosphatases in soil. There was a gradual increase in the enzyme activity after first and second application of the insecticides, and then the activity decreased after third application. Increase in concentration of an insecticide from 2.0 to 5.0 μg g−1 soil increased the enzyme activity, and concentrations of 7.5 and 10.0 μg g−1 soil resulted in significant decrease in the activities. Similar trend was observed with amendments of N-P-K to insecticide-treated soil samples. The response of both the enzymes in presence of acephate and buprofezin, in combination, at graded concentrations clearly indicated that the interaction effects of the two insecticides turned out to be detrimental to the enzymes in NPK-amended soil but not in unamended soil.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naga Raju Maddela
    • 1
  • Kadiyala Venkateswarlu
    • 2
  1. 1.East Campus, School of Environment Science & EngineeringSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Sri Krishnadevaraya UniversityAnantapurIndia

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