Selected Soils, Insecticides and Soil Enzymes

  • Naga Raju Maddela
  • Kadiyala Venkateswarlu
Chapter

Abstract

One of the chief commercial crops grown in Nandyal division (Andhra Pradesh, Southern India) is cotton, and it is the fourth crop next to groundnut, Bengal gram and jowar cultivated in this area. This crop is seriously damaged by many insect pests. For the effective control of the major insect pests on cotton grown in this region, an OP insecticide (acephate – Hythene®) and a thiadiazine compound (buprofezin – Applaud®) are applied repeatedly or in combination. For improving soil fertility and crop productivity, these agricultural soils are also amended with a complex fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium (N-P-K). Even though the goal of such external agricultural inputs is maximizing productivity and economic returns, these amendments ultimately reach soil and change the soil properties as well as fertility. It is very well established that the measures of soil enzyme activities, largely implicated in soil fertility, are greatly useful to assess the adverse effects of such soil management practices. We present in this chapter details of selected soils, insecticides (acephate and buprofezin), and soil enzymes (cellulases, amylases, invertase, proteases, urease, and acid and alkaline phosphatases).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naga Raju Maddela
    • 1
  • Kadiyala Venkateswarlu
    • 2
  1. 1.East Campus, School of Environment Science & EngineeringSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Sri Krishnadevaraya UniversityAnantapurIndia

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