Soil Enzymes: Indicators of Soil Pollution

  • Naga Raju Maddela
  • Kadiyala Venkateswarlu


Soil enzymes are secreted by several organisms, but most often they are produced by soil microorganisms. An analysis of soil enzymatic activities is one of the microbiological indicators of soil quality. It has long been shown that enzymes participate in numerous biochemical processes occurring in soil, and as indicated by results of several studies, soil enzymes are sensitive to all environmental changes caused by natural factors and anthropogenic activities. Soil analysis includes determination of the activity of intracellular enzymes, those found on the cell surface as well as free enzymes. The activity of enzymes is related to the physical properties of soil, organic matter content and mechanism of their action. Crop protection chemicals, especially when applied in excess of recommended doses, may cause a variety of negative environmental changes, as reflected by yield loss and inhibition of soil biological activity. In this direction, this chapter highlights the importance of soil enzymes as indicators of soil fertility and soil health for assessing the impact of pesticides applied both extensively and intensively in recent agriculture.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naga Raju Maddela
    • 1
  • Kadiyala Venkateswarlu
    • 2
  1. 1.East Campus, School of Environment Science & EngineeringSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Sri Krishnadevaraya UniversityAnantapurIndia

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