Small Drones and Geographic Observation

  • Gianluca Casagrande


This is an introductory chapter in which the overall scenario of the book is presented. Theoretical aspects are discussed so as to clarify what is the interest of using small drones in geographic observation (1.1), what the most common application scenarios and limitations are (1.2), and some general perspectives about future developments (1.3).


Small drones UAV Aerial view Landscape Territorialization Reification Geographic observation 


  1. Austin R (2010) Unmanned aircraft systems: UAVS design, development and deployment. Wiley, HobokenCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bignante E (2010) The use of photo-elicitation in field research. EchoGéo [online] 11. doi: 10.4000/echogeo.11622 . Available via;DOI:10.4000/echogeo.11622 . Accessed 3 Mar 2017Google Scholar
  3. Blaschke T, Hay GJ et al (2014) Geographic object-based image analysis – towards a new paradigm. ISPRS J Photogramm Remote Sens 87:180–191. doi: 10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2013.09.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bracken-Roche C (2016) Domestic drones: the politics of verticality and the surveillance industrial complex. Geogr Helv 71:167–172. doi: 10.5194/gh-71-167-2016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Buttimer A (1993) Geography and the human spirit. The Johns Hopkins University Press, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  6. Finn RL, Wright D (2012) Unmanned aircraft systems: surveillance, ethics and privacy in civil applications. Comput Law Secur Rev 28(2):184–194. doi: 10.1016/j.clsr.2012.01.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Frémont A (1976) La Région, Espace Vécu. Présses Universitaires de France, ParisGoogle Scholar
  8. Germen M (2016) Alternative cityscape visualisation: drone shooting as a new dimension in urban photography. Electronic Visualisation and the Arts (EVA 2016), London., 12-14 July 2016, pp 150–157. doi: 10.14236/ewic/EVA2016.31 Google Scholar
  9. Grainger A (2017) Citizen observatories and the new earth observation science. Remote Sens 9(2):153. doi: 10.3390/rs9020153 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Guarrasi V (1992) Cultural geography and semiotics of culture. In: Corna Pellegrini G (ed) Humanistic and behavioural geography in Italy. Pacini, Pisa, pp 29–35Google Scholar
  11. Gülch E (2012) Photogrammetric measurements in fixed wing UAV imagery. Int Arch Photogramm, Remote Sens Spat Inf Sci XXXIX-B1:381–386CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Haggett P (2001) Geography: a global synthesis. Pearson Education, HarlowGoogle Scholar
  13. Hilton RK, Shaw Jr JM (2016) I see you. Drones, Privacy Torts and Insurance Claims. Claims Magazine, December: 21–23Google Scholar
  14. Klauser F, Pedrozo S (2015) Power and space in the drone age: a literature review and politico-geographical research agenda. Geogr Helv 70:285–293. doi: 10.5194/gh-70-285-2015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mayr W (2011) UAV-mapping – a user report. Int Arch Photogramm, Remote Sens Spat Inf Sci XXXVIII-1(C22):277–282. doi: 10.5194/isprsarchives-XXXVIII-1-C22-277-2011 Google Scholar
  16. Meier P (2014) Seeking digital volunteers to search & protect Namibia’s wildlife (Using Aerial Imagery from UAVs). Explorers J. September 15. Available via Accessed 3 Mar 2017
  17. Pérez M, Agüera F, Carvajal F (2015) Low cost surveying using an unmanned aerial vehicle. Int Arch Photogramm, Remote Sens Spat Inf Sci XL-1(W2):311–315. doi: 10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-1-W2-311-2013 Google Scholar
  18. Raffestin C (1977) Paysage et Territorialité. Cah Géogr Quebec 21(53–34):123–134. doi: 10.7202/021360ar CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Raffestin C (1982) Remarques sur les Notions d’Espace, de Territoire et de Territorialité. Espace Sociétés 41:167–171Google Scholar
  20. Rendina C (2004) Le strade di Roma, vol 1. Newton Compton, RomaGoogle Scholar
  21. Salamí E, Barrado C, Pastor E (2014) UAV flight experiments applied to the remote sensing of vegetated areas. Remote Sens (Basel) 6(11):11051–11081. doi:org/10.3390/rs61111051Google Scholar
  22. Sandbrook C (2015) The social implications of using drones for biodiversity conservation. Ambio 44(4):636–647. doi: 10.1007/s13280-015-0714-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Tuan YF (1977) Space and place: the perspective of experience. University of Minnesota Press, MinneapolisGoogle Scholar
  24. Turco A (1988) Verso una teoria geografica della complessità. Unicopli, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  25. Turco A (2002) Paesaggio: pratiche, linguaggi, mondi. In: Turco A (ed) Paesaggio: pratiche, linguaggi, mondi. Diabasis, Reggio Emilia, p 7–52Google Scholar
  26. Turco A (2010) Configurazioni della territorialità. Franco Angeli, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  27. Vallega A (2003) Geografia culturale. Luoghi, spazi, simboli. UTET, TorinoGoogle Scholar
  28. Vallega A (2004) Le grammatiche della geografia. Patron, BolognaGoogle Scholar
  29. Wang Y, Xia H et al (2016) Flying eyes and hidden controllers: a qualitative study of people’s privacy perceptions of civilian drones in the US. Proc Priv Enhancing Technol 3:172–190. doi: 10.1515/popets-2016-0022 Google Scholar
  30. Watts AC, Ambrosia VG, Hinkley EA (2012) Unmanned aircraft systems in remote sensing and scientific research: classification and considerations of use. Remote Sens 4(6):1671–1692. doi: 10.3390/rs4061671 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geographic Research and Application LaboratoryEuropean University of RomeRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations