Kranz Anatomy

  • Marius-Nicușor Grigore
  • Constantin Toma


Kranz anatomy is very interesting as a perfect example of connection between structure and functional processes in C4 photosynthetic plants. It has been evidenced in the nineteenth century in many Chenpodiaceae species and recognized and nominated as Kranz anatomy later in the history of C4 photosynthesis. It comprises two closed and distinct chlorenchyma tissues: an external one and an inner bundle sheath tissue. These tissues are arranged concentrically with respect to vascular tissues. There are many sub-types described in the frame of this chlorenchymatic arrangement and they are reviewed here in relation to old research findings.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marius-Nicușor Grigore
    • 1
  • Constantin Toma
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of BiologyAlexandru Ioan Cuza UniversityIasiRomania
  2. 2.Faculty of Biology, Plant Anatomy & Ecology LaboratoryAlexandru Ioan Cuza UniversityIasiRomania

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