Climatic Changes Impact on Water Availability

Chapter

Abstract

Climate changes refer to long term changes in the global climate that is interconnected system of universe. This system includes sun, earth, oceans, wind, rain, snow, forests, deserts, savannas and all human activities. Availability of potable and non potable water major relies on rainfall and oceans reserves. Globally, rainfall pattern has changed because of rise in temperature as a result of climatic changes. As a result of climatic changes, water demand and availability of freshwater resources are affecting at local, regional and global levels. In addition, increased population growth, resulting urbanization, consequent industrialization, competing demands for water and altered socio-economic conditions have put additional pressure on the water supply. While, the demand increases quickly during prolonged hot spells. However an impact that we have on the environment with CO2 emissions reaches their highest in the industrial time. Consequently, the prediction of potential impacts of climatic changes on water availability and demand is crucial to take suitable steps to mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change on water availability. This chapter will appraise the impact of climate change on water availability particularly in dry regions of the world. This study will guide water management systems to carry out effective and efficient long-term planning for the sustainable supply of water under different weather conditions and population scenarios.

Keywords

Climate change Global warming Water pollution Fresh water 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jhang-CampusUniversity of Veterinary and Animal SciencesLahorePakistan

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