Mobilizing Early-Stage Investments for an Innovation-Led Sustainability Transition

Part of the Palgrave Studies in Sustainable Business In Association with Future Earth book series (PSSBAFE)


To achieve the transition toward a green economy, policy makers are required to redirect abundant financial resources into green tech innovations. Theoretically, policy makers have a menu of options ranging from technology-push support in the invention stage to market-pull mechanisms supporting the commercialization and diffusion of green technologies. This chapter proposes a mix of policies to mobilize early-stage finance for green technologies. To develop this policy package, we considered the menu of available policies from an investor’s and entrepreneur’s point of view. Based on a series of interviews and a survey with entrepreneurs and investors in Sweden and the Netherlands, we conclude that their preferred policy mix would include measures that fit the nature of innovation and overcome the disadvantages of green tech while also addressing barriers to the early-stage investment process in general, such as labor-market rules, intellectual property policy and tax treatment of early-stage investments.


Early Stage Investments Green Tech Intellectual propertyIntellectual Property Labour Market Rules Venture capitalVenture Capital 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Utrecht School of Economics and Sustainable Finance LabUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Forum for Reforms, Entrepreneurship and Sustainability (FORES)StockholmSweden

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